北京第二外国语学院学报 ›› 2018, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (5): 111-122.DOI: 10.12002/j.bisu.178

• 跨文化研究 • 上一篇    下一篇

基于文化维度理论的留学生跨文化适应性研究——以留学德国半年以上的77名中国学生为例

谢琼(),戚一娇   

  1. 北京第二外国语学院,100024
  • 收稿日期:2017-09-14 出版日期:2018-10-15 发布日期:2019-01-09
  • 作者简介:谢琼,北京第二外国语学院,100024,研究方向:德语语言文学、跨文化研究。|戚一娇,北京第二外国语学院,100024,研究方向:跨文化研究。

A Cross-cultural Adaptation Study of Chinese students in German on the Basis of the Culture Dimension Theory

Qiong XIE(),Yijiao QI   

  1. Beijing International Studies University, Beijing 100024, China
  • Received:2017-09-14 Online:2018-10-15 Published:2019-01-09

摘要:

本文采用推断统计学中抽样调查的研究方法,以在德国留学半年以上的77名中国学生为例,从文化维度理论视角对他们的跨文化适应性进行研究分析。本研究分别从生活、学业以及人际交往三方面着手,以霍夫斯泰德的文化学理论为指导,分析在德中国留学生产生文化休克与跨文化不适的主要成因,以此来观照中德文化差异,旨在帮助已在海外或者计划去海外留学的学生更深刻地认识和理解文化差异,从而帮助他们更好地适应异文化,消除由于文化差异带来的不适甚至冲突。

关键词: 在德中国留学生, 文化维度理论, 跨文化适应性, 文化差异

Abstract:

This article applies sampling survey research method of inferential statistic, conducted on 77 Chinese students who have studied in German over six months. It analyses the participants’ cross-cultural adaptation by reviewing the Cultural Dimension Theory. Based on the culture theory of Hofstede, this research investigates and analyese the main reasons of the culture shock from three aspects: their daily life, studies and interpersonal communication. This research aims to help those who plan to study abroad and the Chinese students in German realize and understand the culture shock they will face. Accordingly, it is useful for them to adapt the different culture as well as avoid the discomfort and conflict during their communication.

Key words: Chinese students in German, cultural dimension, cross-cultural adaptation, cultural diversity

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