北京第二外国语学院学报 ›› 2016, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (4): 81-89.DOI: 10.12002/j.bisu.2016.043

• 外国文学研究 • 上一篇    下一篇

村上春树与陀思妥耶夫斯基的对话

刘研   

  1. 刘研,东北师范大学文学院
  • 收稿日期:2016-04-11 出版日期:2016-08-30 发布日期:2018-03-20
  • 作者简介:刘研,东北师范大学文学院教授,博士生导师,130024,研究方向:比较文学理论与日本现当代文学。电子邮箱:liuy639@nenu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    本文为国家社会科学基金项目“日本‘后战后’时期的精神史寓言:村上春树论”(09BWW005)阶段性成果。

The Polyphonic Novel: The Dialogue between Haruki Murakami and Dostoevsky

LIU Yan   

  1. College of Leterature, Northeast Normal University, Changchun 130024, China
  • Received:2016-04-11 Online:2016-08-30 Published:2018-03-20

摘要: 本文运用文本细读、比较文学理论、伦理学等方法,目的是剖析陀思妥耶夫斯基式的“综合(复调)小说”对村上春树文学的深刻影响。在《1Q84》中,村上立体描述市井万象,各色人物、各种故事纵横交错,他对“正义与自由”、“善与恶”、“生存多样性”等问题的探讨亦能在陀氏那里找到精神渊源,《1Q84》第二卷第九、十一、十三章青豆杀掉“先驱”的情节也与《宗教大法官》相似。结论是,陀思妥耶夫斯基始终保持的是在宗教神性框架下的精神探寻,而村上在后现代思潮影响下,强调善恶的相对性、事物的不确定性,充满了对价值或意义的解构,从而使得青豆与“先驱”的对峙缺乏重击灵魂的震撼力,非但未能引发一场思想对决,甚而具有某种“轻小说”的性质。意义在于我们更为警醒地对待村上春树作为畅销作家的影响力。

关键词: 村上春树, 陀思妥耶夫斯基情结, 综合小说

Abstract: The paper attempts to analyze the synthesis of Dostoevsky's "(polyphony) profound influence on Haruki Murakami's literary novels"by a close reading of the text, the theory of Comparative Literature and ethics. Haruki describes "contemporary life" with all kinds of people and all kinds of stories in 1Q84. And the discussion on the problems such as "justice and freedom", "good and evil" and "the diversity of life" also find some spiritual origins in the works of Dostoyevsky. The plot of Aomame to kill "pioneer" is also similar to "religious judge"in the ninth, eleventh and thirteenth chapters of 1Q84 second volumes. The conclusion is that Dostoevsky has always maintained a search under the religious emotion, and Murakami stresses the relativity of good and evil, uncertainty of things and deconstruction of value or meaning under the influence of the postmodern, which makes the confrontation of Aomame and "pioneer" lacking a soul shocking, instead of triggering a clash of ideas, even with the nature of a "light novel". The significance is that we are more vigilant about the influence of Haruki Murakami as a best-selling author.

Key words: Haruki Murakami, Dostoevsky complex, Polyphonic novel

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