Please wait a minute...
北京第二外国语学院学报  2019, Vol. 41 Issue (5): 102-115    DOI: 10.12002/j.bisu.252
外国文学研究     
修正·对话·继承:乔治·桑塔亚纳《冥府对话》解析
牛红英
天津工业大学人文学院,300387
Correction, Dialogue and Inheritation: An Interpretation of Dialogues in Limbo by George Santayana
Hongying Niu
Tiangong University, Tianjin 300387, China
 全文: PDF(1545 KB)   HTML
摘要:

乔治·桑塔亚纳的《冥府对话》是一部集修正性、对话性和继承性于一体的对话体作品。它寓意深刻,却少被关注。本文将其与桑塔亚纳曾享誉世界的《理性生活》以及影响桑塔亚纳思想和创作的古代源流加以联系,分析发现,《理性生活》不能代表桑塔亚纳最终的理性认知,因为《冥府对话》是对《理性生活》的反思和修正。同时,通过将自身和古代先贤巧妙融入对话角色,《冥府对话》也是桑塔亚纳与先贤们就理性问题展开的跨时代对话。本研究试图挖掘出《冥府对话》被人忽略的学术价值,以期丰富对桑塔亚纳乃至西方对话体文学的认知。

关键词: 桑塔亚纳《冥府对话》理性卢奇安《死者对话》    
Abstract:

Dialogues in Limbo by George Santayana is corrective, dialogical and inheriting as well. Though with rich and deep implications, this work has seldom been studied by researchers home and abroad. By associating it with The Life of Reason in five volumes, the best-known work of Santayana across the world written in his middle age, and the ancient Greek sources of thoughts that Santayana was indebted to, this paper points out that The Life of Reason, which eulogizes reason as the basis of anything good in life, could not best represent Santayana’s final idea of reason, because in Dialogues in Limbo the author questions and corrects his former understanding of reason. Dialogues in Limbo is in fact a criticism of absolute reason. Besides, transforming himself and those ancient Greek philosophers, especially Democritus, Socrates and Aristotle, into literary interlocutors, Santayana at the same time conducts a trans-temporal dialogue about reason in Dialogues in Limbo with these giants. What is more, judging by the choice of the setting, the atmosphere and the characterizations in this work, Santayana is a conscious imitator and inheritor of Lucian, the great Roman writer who, with his Dialogues of Dead, established a sub-tradition of the literary dialogues of the West. Though Santayana never mentions Lucian in this book or elsewhere, the latter’s influence upon the former could not be denied. This study not only examines the ignored academic value of Dialogues in Limbo, but to some extent enriches the existing scholarship about George Santayana and the tradition of literary dialogues of the West.

Key words: Santayana    Dialogues in Limbo    reason    Lucian    Dialogues of the Dead
收稿日期: 2017-11-14 出版日期: 2020-01-15
PACS:  I106.4  
基金资助: 本文受2015 年国家社科后期资助项目“西方对话体文学研究”(项目编号:15FWW014)
作者简介: 牛红英,天津工业大学人文学院英语系教授,300387,研究方向:西方文学。电子邮箱:thisisnancy@163.com
服务  
把本文推荐给朋友
加入引用管理器
E-mail Alert
RSS
作者相关文章  
牛红英

引用本文:

牛红英. 修正·对话·继承:乔治·桑塔亚纳《冥府对话》解析[J]. 北京第二外国语学院学报, 2019, 41(5): 102-115.

Hongying Niu. Correction, Dialogue and Inheritation: An Interpretation of Dialogues in Limbo by George Santayana. Journal of Beijing International Studies University, 2019, 41(5): 102-115.

链接本文:

https://journal.bisu.edu.cn/CN/10.12002/j.bisu.252        https://journal.bisu.edu.cn/CN/Y2019/V41/I5/102

[1] Adamson P. Interpreting Avicenna: Critical Essays[C]. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2013.
[2] Bertolacci A . The Reception of Aristotle’s Metaphysics in Avicenna’s Kitāb al-Šifāʾ: A Milestone of Western Metaphysical Thought[M]. Leiden: Brill, 2006.
[3] Dante A. The Divine Comedy [M]. Norton C E (Trans.). New York: Princeton University Press, 1891.
[4] Fénelon F . Dialogues of the Dead[M]. London: E. & C. Dilly, 1776.
[5] Fontenelle B . Dialogues of the Dead[M]. Glasgow: R. Urie, 1754.
[6] Gutas D . Avicenna and the Aristotelian Tradition: Introduction to Reading Avicenna's Philosophical Works[M]. Leiden: Brill, 2014.
[7] Homer. The Odyssey[M]. Butler S (trans.). London: A.C. Fifield, 1900.
[8] Hook S & Santayana G. Letters from Santayana[J]. The American Scholar, 1977,46(1):76~ 84.
[9] Lucian. The Works of Lucian of Samosata (Vol. I) [M]. Fowler H W and Fowler F G (trans.). Oxford: The Clarendon Press, 1905.
[10] Lyttelton G . Dialogues of the Dead[M]. London: Cassell & Company, 1889.
[11] Santayana G . The Life of Reason (Vol. I)[M]. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1905.
[12] Santayana G . Soliloquies in England and Later Soliloquies[M]. London: Constable and Company Ltd., 1922.
[13] Santayana G. Dialogues in Limbo [M]. Ann Arbor, MI: The University of Michigan Press, 1957.
[14] Santayana G. The Letters of George Santayana (Book 3) [M]. Cambridge, Mass.: the MIT Press, 2002.
[15] Virgil. The Aeneid[M]. Oakley M(Trans.). London: Wordsworth Editions Ltd., 1995.
[16] Wiener P . Dialogues in Limbo by George Santayana[J]. The Journal of Philosophy, 1926,23(5):133~ 136.
[17] Wisnovsky R. Avicenna’s Metaphysics in Context [M]. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 2003.
[18] 牛红英. 死者对话: 从卢奇安到兰多[M]. 长春: 东北师范大学出版社, 2017.
[1] 黄新辉. 美国华裔女作家的成长叙事及主体建构的嬗变——以黄玉雪、汤亭亭、伍慧明为例[J]. 北京第二外国语学院学报, 2019, 41(4): 77-87.
[2] 牟童. 后殖民视角下斯蒂芬·迪达勒斯的身份杂合性[J]. 北京第二外国语学院学报, 2019, 41(1): 101-111.
[3] 王丽华,邱鸣. 大江健三郎《空中的怪物Agui》中的“Agui”意象解析[J]. 北京第二外国语学院学报, 2018, 40(6): 89-102.
[4] 张银霞. 论托尼•莫里森《家》的反现代性叙事[J]. 北京第二外国语学院学报, 2018, 40(3): 96-107.
[5] 沈洁玉. 越墙而过的天路历程———《幸存者回忆录》中异质空间的解读[J]. 北京第二外国语学院学报, 2018, 40(2): 76-85.
[6] 赵鹏. 《红酋罗伯》中的如画美学与现代英国社会变革问题[J]. 北京第二外国语学院学报, 2018, 40(2): 86-99.
[7] 郝燕. 从《最后的陪审员》看司法与民意的关系[J]. 北京第二外国语学院学报, 2018, 40(1): 97-106.
[8] 陈 倩. 追寻分裂时代的“好生活”——费希生态哲学视域下的莱辛小说解读[J]. 北京第二外国语学院学报, 2017, 39(5): 64-75.
[9] 李 芳. 母爱的伦理限度——《男人与天使》中的母性观[J]. 北京第二外国语学院学报, 2017, 39(5): 76-86.
[10] 李云霞. 美国族裔诗歌研究的新图景——评王卓教授新作《多元文化视野中的美国族裔诗歌研究》[J]. 北京第二外国语学院学报, 2017, 39(5): 111-118.
[11] 马 雁. 身份的伦理——《英国病人》的修辞叙事解读[J]. 北京第二外国语学院学报, 2017, 39(4): 106-115.
[12] 赵秀兰. 《奥吉•马奇历险记》中的家园叙事[J]. 北京第二外国语学院学报, 2017, 39(4): 95-105.
[13] 唐 微.
“为他们而看”:多克特罗小说《大进军》中的摄影与见证
[J]. 北京第二外国语学院学报, 2017, 39(4): 116-127.
[14] 袁克秀. 托马斯•曼小说《托尼奥•克勒格尔》中的艺术家主题[J]. 北京第二外国语学院学报, 2017, 39(3): 84-95.
[15] 牛红英. 《论戏剧诗》:从虚构性文学对话到古今之争[J]. 北京第二外国语学院学报, 2017, 39(2): 93-101.