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北京第二外国语学院学报  2018, Vol. 40 Issue (2): 76-85    DOI: 10.12002/j.bisu.142
外国文学研究     
越墙而过的天路历程———《幸存者回忆录》中异质空间的解读
沈洁玉
The Pilgrim’s Progress behind the Wall —The Analysis of Heterotopias in The Memoirs of A Survivor
Jieyu SHEN
College of Foreign Languages, Hefei Normal University, Hefei 230601, China
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摘要:

在20世纪后期西方学界空间转向的学术思潮影响下,英国女作家多丽丝·莱辛继《四门城》之后的幻想类作品呈现出鲜明的空间化特色。她进行了一系列“异质空间”的缔造,以此为容器承载着作家赋予主人公丰富的心理活动。《幸存者回忆录》中的“墙后面的世界”,是一个充斥着幻想与回忆的异域,小说主人公在此践行了一场别样的超越现实的天路历程,通过跨越客厅墙壁而踏入“另一个空间”进行着一次次的心灵洗涤,最后实现精神升华,突破了尘世间生存的种种困囿。本文认为这一异质空间的存在既展现了作家对苏菲主义哲学的深刻理解和她对人类命运的深切关注,同时它又是一个将时间空间化了的场所,承担着独特的空间叙事功能,推动着小说的整个叙事进程。

关键词: 多丽丝·莱辛《幸存者回忆录》异质空间苏菲主义空间叙事    
Abstract:

Under the influence of spatial turn in western academic world in the late 20th century, Doris Lessing’s fantasy novels after The Four-gated City (1969) show obvious spatial tendency. She creates various heterotopias, in which she puts her protagonists’ thoughts and various inner activities. The space behind the wall in the living-room in The Memoirs of A Survivor is such a unique heterotopia full of fantasies and reminiscences, providing the heroine with a special place to conduct her pilgrimage beyond reality. From the beginning to the end she passes through the wall several times, stepping into another space and cleaning her soul and spirit there by washing and meditating, and finally she overcomes her spiritual crisis in real life and achieves personal salvation. It is believed in this paper that the existence of such a heterotopia shows the author’s belief in Sufism which she thinks of as a significant philosophy that is able to help her as well as the whole human being to conquer the weakness of human nature. Besides, the space behind the wall is also a place where both the time and the personal consciousness are materialized, which makes it successfully play the role of narrating and push forward the development of whole story through the narrator’s going in and out of it and by connecting what happens in the real world and what the narrator thinks in her inner world.

Key words: Doris Lessing    The Memoirs of A Survivor    heterotopias    Sufism    spatial narrative
收稿日期: 2017-03-30 出版日期: 2018-06-08
PACS:  I106.4  
基金资助: 本文系安徽省高校人文社会科学重点项目“多丽丝·莱辛幻想类小说的‘空间’研究”研究成果(SK2015A469)
作者简介: 沈洁玉,合肥师范学院外国语学院,230601,研究方向:英美文学及文化。电子邮箱:clove_shen@163.com
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引用本文:

沈洁玉. 越墙而过的天路历程———《幸存者回忆录》中异质空间的解读[J]. 北京第二外国语学院学报, 2018, 40(2): 76-85.

Jieyu SHEN. The Pilgrim’s Progress behind the Wall —The Analysis of Heterotopias in The Memoirs of A Survivor. Journal of Beijing International Studies University, 2018, 40(2): 76-85.

链接本文:

https://journal.bisu.edu.cn/CN/10.12002/j.bisu.142        https://journal.bisu.edu.cn/CN/Y2018/V40/I2/76

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