北京第二外国语学院学报 ›› 2022, Vol. 44 ›› Issue (4): 123-139.DOI: 10.12002/j.bisu.406

• 学术前沿与动态 • 上一篇    

关联理论框架下喻式语言研究的新发展

彭卓1,2()   

  1. 1. 西安外国语大学, 710128
    2. 韶关学院外国语学院, 512005
  • 收稿日期:2019-01-27 出版日期:2022-08-30 发布日期:2022-09-15
  • 作者简介:彭卓, 博士, 西安外国语大学, 710128, 韶关学院外国语学院, 512005, 研究方向:语用学、话语分析、系统功能语言学。电子邮箱:pzeast@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    本文系2020年度广东省教育科学"十三五"规划项目"评价理论视阈下中美报刊对香港国安法报道话语的对比分析"(项目编号)(2020GXJK071);2020年度韶关市哲学社会科学共建项目"系统功能语言观照下韶关红色旅游景点简介的语类结构分析"(G2020021);2020年度韶关学院人文社会科学研究重点项目"语言战略视角下的韶关红色文化传播研究"(项目编号)的阶段性成果。(SZ2020SK02)

New Trends in the Study of Metaphors, Similes, Metonymies, and Their Interaction in the Theoretical Framework of Relevance Theory

Peng Zhuo1,2()   

  1. 1. Xi’an International Studies University, Xi’an 710128, China
    2. Shaoguan University, Shaoguan 512005, China
  • Received:2019-01-27 Online:2022-08-30 Published:2022-09-15

摘要:

通过探究关联理论框架下喻式语言研究的新趋势, 本研究发现:非刻意用法的连续统解释机制受到批判, 关联学者正尝试结合认知语言学理论去解释隐喻与转喻现象;明喻被纳入特别概念解释机制中, 但明喻语用标记语的功能仍待确定;隐喻与转喻互动可透过反义关系词和名名复合词等词汇用法进行研究。任何喻式语言的关联解释机制都可能存在缺陷, 都需要学者不断地进行探究。本研究揭示了关联喻式语言研究的新动态, 为拓宽关联理论研究的外延和应用范围提供了启示。

关键词: 关联理论, 隐喻, 明喻, 转喻, 特别概念

Abstract:

This article examines the newest trends in the study of metaphors, similes, and metonymies, as well as their interaction in the theoretical framework of relevance theory (RT). The continuity hypothesis pertaining to the loose use of language has been criticized. RT scholars are attempting to explain metaphors and metonymies by combining RT and theories drawn from cognitive linguistics; similes could be analyzed via the explanatory mechanism of an ad hoc concept, but the function of the pragmatic markers of similes remains undetermined, and the interaction of metaphors and metonymies could be investigated by studying the lexical use of opposite compounds and noun-noun compounds. There could be defects in the above-mentioned explanatory RT mechanisms, which entails RT scholars’ continuous investigations. This study will not only reveal the newest trends in the research on metaphors, similes, and metonymies from the perspective of RT, but will also provide insights to broaden the extent of the research and the scope of application of RT.

Key words: relevance theory, metaphors, similes, metonymies, ad hoc concept

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