北京第二外国语学院学报 ›› 2022, Vol. 44 ›› Issue (1): 115-127.DOI: 10.12002/j.bisu.377

• 外国文学研究 • 上一篇    下一篇

论《神曲》中的空间维度及其神学隐喻

逯璐()   

  1. 对外经济贸易大学英语学院,北京 100029
  • 收稿日期:2018-12-21 出版日期:2022-02-28 发布日期:2022-03-24
  • 作者简介:逯璐,对外经济贸易大学英语学院,100029,研究方向:英美文学。电子邮箱: luluwsf@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金资助项目(20QD34)

The Spatial Dimension and Its Theological Metaphors in the Divine Comedy

Lu Lu()   

  1. University of International Business and Economics, Beijing 100029, China
  • Received:2018-12-21 Online:2022-02-28 Published:2022-03-24

摘要:

诗人但丁在《神曲》中为地狱、炼狱、天堂分别构建了精妙且独特的空间想象。本文以空间叙事为进路,分析了《神曲》中基督教神学传统与文艺复兴人文主义精神的交织融合。研究发现:一方面,但丁通过空间构建将中世纪神学笼统而混沌的宇宙观转换成几何模型式的系统图景;另一方面,人文主义道德价值通过诗歌中的相对位置和身体姿态被刻画出来,使得空间成为神学的喻体。因此,空间维度的探讨对全面评估《神曲》的诗艺与神学价值有着重大意义。

关键词: 但丁, 神曲, 空间, 人物姿态, 相对位置, 神学隐喻

Abstract:

The poet Dante (1265—1361) conceived of a set of subtle and unique spatial structures for the Inferno, Purgatory and Paradiso in the Divine Comedy. This paper adopts the spatial narratology approach to analyze the integration of traditional Christian theology and Renaissance humanism in the Divine Comedy. The study finds that Dante not only employed spatial construction to concretize the vague and chaotic cosmology of the medieval period as a geometrical system, but also materialized the humanistic moral values through the description of relative positions and body postures, thus allowing the space to become a vehicle for theological metaphors. Therefore, the spatial approach is essential in order to comprehensively evaluate the artistic and theological value of the Divine Comedy.

Key words: Dante, Divine Comedy, spatial dimension, character posture, relative position, theological metaphor

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