北京第二外国语学院学报 ›› 2019, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (4): 34-47.DOI: 10.12002/j.bisu.239

• 语言学研究 • 上一篇    下一篇

批评话语分析:批评与进展

郭松   

  1. 中国社会科学院研究生院,102488
  • 收稿日期:2017-03-10 出版日期:2019-08-15 发布日期:2019-11-27
  • 作者简介:郭松,天津商业大学外国语学院,300134;中国社会科学院研究生院,102488;研究方向:话语分析、社会语言学。电子邮箱:simonguo200@sina.com
  • 基金资助:
    本文系国家社科基金项目“中国当代大众语篇中的篇际互文性研究”(项目编号:13CYY089)的阶段性研究成果

Critical Discourse Analysis: Critiques and Developments

Song Guo   

  1. Graduate School of Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, Beijing 102488, China
  • Received:2017-03-10 Online:2019-08-15 Published:2019-11-27

摘要:

批评话语分析因其批判的视角和强烈的社会关怀备受学界关注,同时也饱受批评与责难。本文首先探讨批评话语分析的核心思想“批评”,以及由此引发的学界对批评话语分析的批评和批评话语分析学者的回应。作为一门新兴学科,批评话语分析难免会存在一些问题与局限。然而,批评话语分析之所以能够具有如今的影响力,很重要的原因是其所持有的开放性——能够积极地去面对、回应这些批评。本文力图对批评话语分析的最新进展进行梳理,探寻批评话语分析如何在质疑声中发展完善。

关键词: 批评话语分析, 认知语言学, 语料库, 积极话语分析, 民族志学

Abstract:

As a new discipline, critical discourse analysis (CDA) has made remarkable achievements, with more and more scholars devoting themselves to this interdisciplinary field of research worldwide. The major difference between CDA and other traditional discourse analysis approaches lies in the term “critical”, which presupposes researchers’ overt political positions and strong social concern. However, this presupposition has been questioned and deemed as problematic by many scholars who give priority to objectivity in research. This paper first explores the core concept of CDA, criticism, and points out CDA’s orientation to social problems. As a new discipline, CDA inevitably has some problems and limitations. However, one of the most important aspects of CDA is its openness. On this basis, this paper tries to sort out the latest developments in CDA. This paper discusses scholars’ criticisms of CDA in detail, together with CDA practitioners’ responses. Informed by diverse disciplines and theories, CDA does not provide a unified and systematic analytic framework. Scholars’ critiques have been targeted at both CDA’s theories and methods, specifically roles played by researchers and participants, linguistic theories employed, text analysis, data selection, context, etc. Some criticisms can be attributed to the different epistemological stances held by researchers and their different research traditions and backgrounds. Others like selective interpretation of researchers and participants’ reaction to texts are common problems in arts and humanities. However, problems and limitations are inevitable in the early stage of any discipline. When viewed more positively, it indicates great potential for CDA’s future development. Subsequently, this paper discusses new developments in CDA, namely corpus-based CDA, cognitive CDA, ethnography-informed CDA and positive discourse analysis (PDA). As responses to the problems presented previously by scholars, these developments not only enrich CDA’s analytic tools but also enhance its interpretive power, rendering its research results more convincing.

Key words: critical discourse analysis, cognitive linguistics, corpus, positive discourse analysis, ethnography

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