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北京第二外国语学院学报  2017, Vol. 39 Issue (1): 30-44    DOI: 10.12002/j.bisu.081
认知神经语言学(失语症研究)     
走进原发性进行性失语症
周统权 侯小燕 周思若
周统权,华中师范大学外国语学院、曲阜师范大学翻译学院
侯小燕,华中师范大学
周思若,曲阜师范大学国际交流学院
An Access to Primary Progressive Aphasia
ZHOU Tongquan1,2 / HOU Xiaoyan1 / ZHOU Siruo3
1.School of Foreign Languages, Central China Normal University, Wuhan 430079, China; 2.School of Translation Studies, Qufu Normal University, Rizhao 276827, China; 3.International Exchange College, Qufu Normal University, Rizhao 276827, China
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摘要: 失语症是一种语言障碍综合征,但具体类型各异。与脑中风或脑损伤引起的失语症不同,原发性进行性失语症(primary progressive aphasia,PPA)是一种由神经退行性疾病引发的特殊失语症, 形成的语言障碍往往是渐进性的,因此在发病初期不易察觉。本文主要介绍这类失语症的分类(语法缺失型PPA、语义变异型PPA和少词型PPA)、语言特征(在语音、词汇、句法、语篇和书写等各层面的障碍表现)和康复治疗手段(行为干预、经颅直流电刺激和干细胞疗法等),以引起我国神经科医生和神经语言学学者的关注。
关键词: 原发性进行性失语症类型语言特征障碍康复    
Abstract: Aphasia is a syndrome caused by language breakdown and becomes diversified in specific types. Primary progressive aphasia (PPA), however, different from the aphasia induced by stroke or brain damage in a bulk of literature, is a special one evoked by neurodegenerative diseases, and the resulting language breakdown comes up incrementally and tends to be implicit at its onset. This paper aims to provide an introduction of the aphasia's classification (agrammatic PPA, semantic variant PPA and logopenic variant PPA), linguistic features (i.e., the language disorders on different levels of language like phonology, morphology, syntax, discourse and handwriting) and therapy approaches (like behavior interference, transcranial direct current stimulation and stem cell therapy) so that greater importance is attached to its clinical practice and linguistic researches in China’s neurology and neurolinguistics.
Key words: primary progressive aphasia (PPA)    classification    linguistic features    disorders    therapy
收稿日期: 2016-10-25 出版日期: 2018-03-20
PACS:  H030  
基金资助: 本文得到以下基金的支持,特此致谢:教育部人文社科基金项目“英、汉语关系从句的加工研究”(项目编号:14YJAZH115);国家社科基金重点项目“现代汉语特殊定中结构的认知加工研究”(项目编号:16AYY014);国家社科基金重大招标项目“汉语非字面语言认知的神经心理机制研究”(项目编号:14ZDB155);华中师范大学2016年研究生教育创新资助项目。
作者简介: 周统权,华中师范大学外国语学院、曲阜师范大学翻译学院教授、博士生导师,276826,研究方向:神经语言学。电子邮箱: zhoutongquan@126.com 侯小燕,华中师范大学,430079,研究方向:神经语言学研究。 周思若,曲阜师范大学国际交流学院,276826,研究方向:对外汉语教学。
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周统权 侯小燕 周思若. 走进原发性进行性失语症[J]. 北京第二外国语学院学报, 2017, 39(1): 30-44.

ZHOU Tongquan, / HOU Xiaoyan / ZHOU Siruo. An Access to Primary Progressive Aphasia. Journal of Beijing International Studies University, 2017, 39(1): 30-44.

链接本文:

https://journal.bisu.edu.cn/CN/10.12002/j.bisu.081        https://journal.bisu.edu.cn/CN/Y2017/V39/I1/30

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