• 语言学研究 •

英语“情态副词+DP”的合法性解析——兼谈其汉语对应表达

1. 孔蕾，曲阜师范大学外国语学院
• 收稿日期:2016-05-09 出版日期:2017-04-30 发布日期:2018-03-19
• 作者简介:孔蕾，曲阜师范大学外国语学院，273165，研究方向：对比语言学、语义学。电子邮箱：skytkong@163.com
• 基金资助:
本文为全国高校外语教学科研项目“语用化和词汇化：英汉语用标记对比研究”（项目编号：2014SD0038A）成果。本文为作者在“曲阜师范大学中国语言文学博士后流动站”合作研究的部分成果。

An Inquiry into the Well-formedness Conditions of English “EPI-MB+DP” Construction and its Chinese Equivalent

1. School of Foreign Languages, Qufu Normal University, Qufu 273165, China
• Received:2016-05-09 Online:2017-04-30 Published:2018-03-19

Abstract: Epistemic modal adverbs normally function as propositional operators. However, it has been observed that such adverbs can apparently modify the subpropositional material DPs. This study inquires into the well-formedness conditions of English “epistemic modal adverb + DP”(EPI-MB+DP for short) construction. The article first demonstrates that modal adverbs modifying DPs only take scope over those DPs, then explains how a type entry for modal adverbs allows them to compose with type DP intensions. It finds that DP in the construction undergoes type shifting, i.e. changing from a phrase to a property-type expression before being modified by epistemic modal adverbs, with DP taking the same meaning as a proposition does. It also finds that the proposition can be realized as a relative clause, which underlies “EPI-MB +DP”, where DP becomes a surface form through the mechanism of metonymy. In terms of semantic compatibility, since EPI-MB expresses uncertainty, it requires the DP (with its associated proposition) to match the uncertainty, which is another well-formedness condition for “EPI-MB+DP” construction. The paper also investigates the Chinese encoding of “EPI-MB+DP” construction, and finds that Chinese does not have the syntactic device of relatives to encode the semantic relation specified by English EPI-MB+DP, hence no syntactic mechanism for the Proposition-to-DP metonymy. As a result, such English DPs can only be realized as propositional clauses in Chinese.