Please wait a minute...
北京第二外国语学院学报  2020, Vol. 42 Issue (1): 3-19    DOI: 10.12002/j.bisu.266
The Intersection of Modern Linguistic Theory and Critical Literary Theory
Zongxin Feng
Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
 全文: PDF(1445 KB)   HTML


关键词: 语言学理论结构主义符号学文学理论批评理论    

Since the beginning of the twentieth century, the central theme of modern critical literary theory has developed along two important lines: the separate practices of the Russian Formalists and Anglo-American New Critics who turned their attention from the content to the form of literary works, and the paradigmatic influences of Ferdinand de Saussure’s structuralist linguistics—which resulted in semiology/semiotics—on literary and cultural studies. In view of the overlapping interests of modern linguists and literary scholars, and the mutual permeation of linguistic and literary theories, this paper focuses on the intersection of these two fields in the following aspects: (1) the linguistic engagement with literary works and critical literary studies; (2) linguists as critical thinkers, literary critics and theorists; (3) literary critics and theorists as critical semioticians and linguists; and (4) general linguistic theory as “critical theory” or simply “theory” interested in the modalities of production and reception of meaning rather than the meaning or value of texts, both literary and non-literary. It concludes that a comprehensive linguistic theory must include reflections on literature, and an integrated critical literary theory should incorporate linguistic-philosophical reflections on language. Indeed, many shifts in literary studies are related to paradigmatic turns in linguistics, and a series of issues that perplex the study of literature (the theory of literature, literary study/studies, literary theory, critical theory, theory/meta-theory, and criticism/meta-criticism, etc.) can be elaborated from a modern linguistics perspective.

Key words: linguistic theory    structuralism    semiotics    literary theory    critical theory
收稿日期: 2018-12-03 出版日期: 2020-05-06
PACS:  H0-06  
作者简介: 封宗信,清华大学外国语言文学系教授,博士生导师,100084,研究方向:语言学理论、语用学、文体学、叙事学、翻译研究。电子邮箱
E-mail Alert


封宗信. 现代语言学理论与文学批评理论的交集[J]. 北京第二外国语学院学报, 2020, 42(1): 3-19.

Zongxin Feng. The Intersection of Modern Linguistic Theory and Critical Literary Theory. Journal of Beijing International Studies University, 2020, 42(1): 3-19.


[1] Abrams M H . A Glossary of Literary Terms[M]. New York:Norton, 1957.
[2] Abrams M H . Doing Things with Texts:Essays in Criticism and Critical Theory[M]. New York:Norton, 1989.
[3] Adams H . Critical Theory Since Plato[M]. New York:Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1971.
[4] Adams H. Critical Theory Since Plato[M]. 2nd ed. Tallahassee, FL: Florida State University Press, 1992.
[5] Adams H & Searle L . Critical Theory Since 1965[M]. Gainesville, FL: University Presses of Florida, 1986.
[6] Adams H & Searle L . Critical Theory Since Plato[M]. 3rd ed. Tallahassee, FL: Florida State University Press, 2005.
[7] Austin J L . How to Do Things with Words[M]. Oxford: Clarendon, 1962.
[8] Barthes R . Elements of Semiology[M]. Lavers A & Smith C (Trans.). London:Jonathan Cape, 1967.
[9] Barthes R . S/Z[M]. Miller R(Trans.). New York:Hill & Wang, 1974.
[10] Benveniste É . The semiology of language[C]//Innis R E. Semiotics: An Introductory Anthology. London:Hutchinson, 1985: 228~ 246.
[11] Bloomfield L . Language[M]. London: Allen & Unwin, 1933.
[12] Bloomfield L. Linguistic Aspects of Science[M]. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1939.
[13] Carter R . Is there a literary language?[C]//Steele R & Threadgold T. Language Topics: Essays in Honour of Michael Halliday (Volume II). Amsterdam:John Benjamins, 1987: 431~ 450.
[14] Carter R & Nash W . Language and literariness[J]. Prose Studies, 1983,6(2):123~ 141.
[15] Chomsky N . Syntactic Structures[M]. The Hague:Mouton, 1957.
[16] Chomsky N . A review of B. F. Skinner’s Verbal Behavior[J]. Language, 1959,35(1):26~ 58.
[17] Chomsky N. Aspects of the Theory of Syntax[M]. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1965.
[18] Compagnon A . Literature, Theory, and Common Sense[M]. Cosman C (Trans.). Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2004.
[19] Culler J . Structuralist Poetics:Structuralism,Linguistics and the Study of Literature[M]. London:Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1975.
[20] Culler J . Saussure[M]. London:Fontana, 1976.
[21] Culler J. Literary Theory:A Very Short Introduction[M]. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1997.
[22] de Man P . The Resistance to Theory[M]. Minneapolis,MN: University of Minnesota Press, 1986.
[23] de Saussure F . Course in General Linguistics[M]. Baskin W (Trans.). New York:The Philosophical Library, 1959.
[24] Eagleton T . Literary Theory:An Introduction[M]. London:Blackwell, 1983.
[25] Ejxenbaum E B. The theory of the formal method[C]//Matejka L & Pomorska K. Readings in Russian Poetics: Formalist and Structuralist Views . Cambridge,MA: MIT Press, 1971: 3~ 37.
[26] Erlich V . Russian formalism[J]. Journal of the History of Ideas, 1973,34(4):627~ 638.
[27] Fish S . Literature in the reader: Affective stylistics[J]. New Literary History, 1970,2(1):123~ 162.
[28] Fish S . How to do things with Austin and Searle:Speech act theory and literary criticism[J]. MLN, 1976,91(5):983~ 1025.
[29] Fish S. Is There a Text in This Class? The Authority of Interpretive Communities[M]. Cambridge, MA:Harvard University Press, 1980.
[30] Fowler R . A Dictionary of Modern Critical Terms[M]. London: Routledge, 1973.
[31] Fowler R . Linguistics and the Novel[M]. London: Methuen, 1977.
[32] Fowler R. Literature as Social Discourse:The Practice of Linguistic Criticism[M]. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 1981.
[33] Fowler R. Linguistic Criticism[M]. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1986.
[34] Fry P H. Theory of Literature[M]. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2012.
[35] Garvin P L. A Prague School Reader on Esthetics,Literary Structure,and Style[M]. Washington, DC:Georgetown University Press, 1964.
[36] Genette G . Figures of Literary Discourse[M]. Oxford:Basil Blackwell, 1982.
[37] Greimas A J. Structural Semantics:An Attempt at a Method[M]. Lincoln, NE:University of Nebraska Press, 1983.
[38] Halliday M A K . Linguistic function and literary style: An inquiry into the language of William Golding’s The Inheritors[C]//Chatman S B. Literary Style:A Symposium. New York: Oxford University Press, 1971: 330~ 368.
[39] Harland R . Literary Theory from Plato to Barthes:An Introductory History[M]. London:Palgrave Macmillan, 1999.
[40] Harris R . Language,Saussure and Wittgenstein[M]. London:Routledge Kegan & Paul, 1988.
[41] Hjelmslev L. Prolegomena to a Theory of Language[M]. Whitfield F J (Trans.). Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin Press, 1961.
[42] Honderich T. The Oxford Companion to Philosophy[M]. 2nd ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005.
[43] Jakobson R. Concluding statement: Linguistics and poetics[C]//Sebeok T. Style in Language. Cambridge,MA: MIT Press, 1960: 350~ 377.
[44] Jakobson R . Selected Writings 2:Word and Language[M]. The Hague:Mouton, 1971a.
[45] Jakobson R. On realism in art[C]//Matejka L & Pomorska K. Readings in Russian Poetics: Formalist and Structuralist Views . Cambridge,MA: MIT Press, 1971b: 38~ 46.
[46] Jakobson R. Verbal Art, Verbal Sign , Verbal Time[M]. Pomorska K & Rudy S (Eds.). Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota Press, 1985.
[47] Jameson F. The Prison-House of Language:A Critical Account of Structuralism and Russian Formalism[M]. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1972.
[48] Leech G N . A Linguistic Guide to English Poetry[M]. London:Longmans Group Limited, 1969.
[49] Leech G N & Short M H . Style in Fiction[M]. London:Longman, 1981.
[50] Lodge D . Language of Fiction:Essays in Criticism and Verbal Analysis of the English Novel[M]. London:Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1966.
[51] Lodge D . Metaphor and metonymy in modern fiction[J]. Critical Quarterly, 1975,17(1):71~ 93.
[52] Lodge D . The Modes of Modern Writing:Metaphor,Metonymy,and the Typology of Modern Literature[M]. London: Bloomsbury Academic, 2015.
[53] Miller J H. Speech Acts in Literature[M]. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2002.
[54] Mukařovský J. Standard language and poetic language[C]//Garvin P L. A Prague School Reader on Esthetics,Literary Structure,and Style. Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press, 1964a: 17~ 30.
[55] Mukařovský J. Esthetics of language[C]//Garvin P L. A Prague School Reader on Esthetics,Literary Structure,and Style. Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press, 1964b: 31~ 69.
[56] Mukařovský J. The Word and Verbal Art:Selected Essays by Jan Mukařovský[M]. Burbank J & Steiner P(Trans. & Eds.). New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1977.
[57] Newton K M . Twentieth-Century Literary Theory:A Reader[M]. New York:Macmillan Education, 1988.
[58] Newton K M . Twentieth-Century Literary Theory:A Reader[M]. 2nd ed. New York: Macmillan Education, 1997.
[59] Ogden C K & Richards I A . The Meaning of Meaning[M]. London & New York:Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1923.
[60] Ohmann R . Speech acts and the definition of literature[J]. Philosophy and Rhetoric, 1971,4(1):1~ 19.
[61] Pratt M L. Toward a Speech Act Theory of Literary Discourse[M]. Bloomington, IN:Indiana University Press, 1977.
[62] Rivkin J & Ryan M . Literary Theory:An Anthology[M]. Oxford:Blackwell, 2004.
[63] Robins R H . A Short History of Linguistics[M]. 4th ed. London:Longman, 1997.
[64] Sapir E . Language:An Introduction to the Study of Speech[M]. New York:Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1921.
[65] Searle J R. Speech Acts:An Essay in the Philosophy of Language[M]. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1969.
[66] Shklovsky V. Art as technique[C]//Lemon L T & Reiss M J. Russian Formalist Criticism: Four Essays. Lincoln,NE: University of Nebraska Press, 1965: 3~ 24.
[67] Tarski A . The concept of truth in formalized languages[M]//Logic, Semantics, Metamathematics: Papers from 1923 to 1938 by Alfred Tarski. Woodger J H(Trans.) Oxford: Clarendon, 1956: 152~ 288.
[68] Todorov T . The notion of literature[J]. Moss L & Braunrot B (Trans.). New Literary History, 1973,5(1):5~ 16.
[69] Todorov T & Lyons J . What is literature for?[J]. Lyons J (Trans.). New Literary History, 2007,38(1):13~ 32.
[70] Trubetzkoy N S. Principles of Phonology[M]. Baltaxe C A M(Trans.). Berkeley: University of California Press, 1969.
[71] Trubetzkoy N S. Writings on Literature[M]. Liberman A(Trans.). Minneapolis,MN: University of Minnesota Press, 1990.
[72] Vachek J. A Prague School Reader in Linguistics[M]. Bloomington, IN:Indiana University Press, 1964.
[73] Vachek J. The Linguistic School of Prague:An Introduction to Its Theory and Practice[M]. Bloomington, IN:Indiana University Press, 1966.
[74] Vachek J & Dubský J . Dictionary of the Prague School of Linguistics[M]. Klégr A, Šaldová P, Malá M, Čermák J & Dušková L (Trans.). Dušková L (Ed.). Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins, 2003.
[75] Wellek R. Foreword[C]// Mukařovský J. Word and Verbal Art. Burbank J & Steiner P (Trans. & Eds.). New Haven, CT: Yale University Press,1977:vii~xiii.
[76] Wellek R & Warren A . Theory of Literature[M]. New York: Harcourt, 1949.
[77] Whorf B L & Carroll J B . Language,Thought,and Reality:Selected Writings of Benjamin Lee Whorf[M]. Carroll J B (Ed.). Cambridge,MA: MIT Press, 1956.
[78] Widdowson H G . Stylistics and the Teaching of Literature[M]. London:Longman Group Limited, 1975.
[79] Wittgenstein L . Tractatus Logico-philosophicus[M]. Pears D F & McGuinness B F (Trans.). London:Routledge, 2001.
[80] 董学文, 张永刚 . 文学原理[M]. 北京: 北京大学出版社, 2001.
[81] 封宗信 . 语言学的元语言及其研究现状[J]. 外语教学与研究, 2005,37(6):403~ 410.
[82] 封宗信 . 结构主义的引进与中国本土文学批评理论[J]. 文学理论前沿, 2014(2):73~ 105.
[83] 封宗信 . 认知诗学:认知转向下的后经典“文学学”[C]. 认知诗学(第四辑), 2017(4):1~ 14.
[84] 封宗信 . 文学理论与文学科学的理论问题[J]. 外国语言文学, 2018,35(4):386~ 406.
[85] 童庆炳 . 文学理论教程[M]. 北京: 高等教育出版社, 1992.
[86] 童庆炳 . 文学理论教程(修订二版)[M]. 北京: 高等教育出版社, 2004.
[1] 余红兵,王峰. 国际符号学研究的阵地、理论与方法——Semiotica期刊副主编余红兵博士访谈录[J]. 北京第二外国语学院学报, 2018, 40(6): 14-21.
[2] 陆俭明. 论当代语言学理论与外语教学的接口问题[J]. 北京第二外国语学院学报, 2018, 40(2): 3-20.
[3] 牛红英. 《论戏剧诗》:从虚构性文学对话到古今之争[J]. 北京第二外国语学院学报, 2017, 39(2): 93-101.
[4] 葛俊丽. 语言与空间:语言景观研究视角[J]. 北京第二外国语学院学报, 2016, 38(4): 68-80.
[5] 杨 骏 席岳婷. 符号感知下的旅游体验真实性研究[J]. 北京第二外国语学院学报, 2015, 37(7): 34-.