北京第二外国语学院学报 ›› 2016, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (2): 105-114.DOI: 10.12002/j.bisu.2016.004

• 外国文学研究 • 上一篇    下一篇

论谢默斯·希尼诗歌的“位置”观

赵燕娇   

  1. 赵燕娇,北京师范大学,100875
  • 收稿日期:2015-06-09 出版日期:2016-04-15 发布日期:2018-03-20
  • 作者简介:赵燕娇,北京师范大学,100875,研究方向:英美文学。电子邮箱:277694255@qq.com

An Analysis of the “Concept of Place” in Seamus Heaney’s Poetry

ZHAO Yanjiao   

  1. Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
  • Received:2015-06-09 Online:2016-04-15 Published:2018-03-20

摘要: “位置”或“地域”这一概念在谢默斯•希尼诗歌中不仅指涉令人感怀的地理方位,更是激发诗人新奇想象与对爱尔兰文化传承问题进行哲学思辨的催化剂,据此希尼得以反观社会政治现实。希尼寓不同地域于诗歌表达,在挖掘爱尔兰性、唤起爱尔兰民族记忆的同时,亦不断反思“地域”与诗歌的关系、诗歌的地位、以及诗人甚至艺术家在社会中的定位。本文以《挖掘》、《托兰人》和《斯特森岛》为例,通过文本细读,探讨希尼诗歌中的“位置”观,旨在证明:诗人在面对社会现实义务与自我艺术追求相矛盾时应保持中立,并主动承担彰显文学内省特性与文学良知功效的诗学责任。

关键词: 谢默斯&bull, 希尼, “位置”观, 艺术追求, 文学良知

Abstract: The concept of place or regional domain in Seamus Heaney’s poetry implies more than geographical locations that merely arouse people’s sentimentality.It serves as a vital stimulant for the poet’s novel imagination and philosophical emigration to the realm of the mind concerning the issues of Irish cultural inheritance,through which Heaney is able to understand the then political and social reality. As a poet, Heaney has strengthened the expressiveness by supplying diverse tangible places at which he uncovers traces of the Irish heritage and origin to his poetry creation, satisfying the need to reconsider the artist’s identity within his familiar territory. Heaney supplies different actual territorial places or regions to his poetry in order to unravel Irishness and arouse people’s memory of Irish nationality, meanwhile, he is capable of reconsidering the relationship between poetry and territorial places of the homeland country, the place of poetry, the place of the poet and even the artist in society. Based on a close textual analysis, this paper mainly deals with the examination of Heaney’s sense of place from his three main poems, namely, “Digging”, “The Tollund Man”and “Station Island XII”, with an aim to reinforce the notion that the poet should keep a neutral attitude and take a middle stance when social obligations and artistic pursuit are in conflict, and bear the poetic responsibility of devoting to the maintenance of introspective traits of literary conscience in a much broader sense.

Key words: Seamus Heaney, concept of place, artistic pursuit, literary conscience

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