北京第二外国语学院学报 ›› 2018, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (3): 82-95.DOI: 10.12002/j.bisu.152

• 外国文学研究 • 上一篇    下一篇

历史考古视角下尤文纳尔“罗马讽刺诗”中的“神庙”

李树春   

  • 收稿日期:2017-05-09 出版日期:2018-06-15 发布日期:2018-08-31
  • 作者简介:李树春,江西师范大学,330022;伦敦大学玛丽女王学院,E14NS,研究方向:比较文学,西方古典文学,英国文学。电子邮箱:shuchun.li@qmul.ac.uk
  • 基金资助:
    本文为江西师范大学2016年度校级教改立项课题“西方古典学教育在我国西方现代语言专业教育中的作用、意义及可行性研究”研究成果(JXSDJG16044)

A Reading of the “Temple” in Juvenal’s Satires from an Archeological Perspective

Shuchun LI   

  1. Jiangxi Normal University, Nanchang 330022, China;Queen Mary University of London, London E14NS, UK
  • Received:2017-05-09 Online:2018-06-15 Published:2018-08-31

摘要:

西方“讽刺”起源于罗马文学里的讽刺诗,尤文纳尔为“罗马讽刺诗”的最后一位创作者。本文拟在古罗马考古学的视野下,对其讽刺诗中的“神庙”进行文学的考察。尤文纳尔的讽刺诗提示了三个观察“神庙”的特别视角,即诗中对“神庙”进行说明的三个方面:“古老的”“高耸的”和“财富的”,这三个形容词所提示的三个方面,将构成本文进行文学分析的历史考古学维度。文章借此研究说明,理解文学作品、尤其是西方古典文学作品的文学性,需要来自对作品生成时代和社会的全面理解,故历史考古学能够成为对写作时代距今遥远的西方古典文学作品进行文学研究的重要视角。

关键词: 尤文纳尔, 罗马讽刺诗, 神庙, 历史考古学, 西方古典文学作品

Abstract:

The western “satire” as a literary genre enjoys a long history and is said to have originated from the “Roman Satire”, which Quintilian claimed as the Roman’s own invention rather than an inheritance from the Greeks. Who is the first writer of this genre remains in question but Juvenal is regarded as the last poet without question. This article is aimed to examine a significant image, the image of temple, which frequently appears in Juvenal’s satires. This examination will be conducted in light of the knowledge of the Roman archeology, and three particular dimensions of the “temple”, the temple being ancient, high, and rich, are selected as the archeological lenses, through which we try to get an in-depth and all-round understanding of the Roman temples. Literary works are closely related to the time when and the place where they were composed. Without a historical knowledge of them, it’s difficult to obtain a genuine and down-to-earth understanding of the works, let alone further interpretations for the later readers, and this is especially true for the works passing down from the ancient times. The archeological perspective employed in this article can constitute a useful method in this respect in the literary studies.

Key words: Juvenal, Roman satire, temple, historical archeology, western antique literary works

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