北京第二外国语学院学报 ›› 2018, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (3): 96-107.DOI: 10.12002/j.bisu.159

• 外国文学研究 • 上一篇    下一篇

论托尼•莫里森《家》的反现代性叙事

张银霞   

  • 收稿日期:2017-05-15 出版日期:2018-06-15 发布日期:2018-08-31
  • 作者简介:张银霞,陕西师范大学文学院,710119;北方民族大学文史学院,750021,研究方向:非裔美国文学。电子邮箱:24307612@qq.com
  • 基金资助:
    本文系北方民族大学科研项目阶段性成果(2014XYS16)

On Anti-Modernity Narration in Toni Morrison’s Home

Yinxia ZHANG   

  1. School of Chinese Literature, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi’an 710119, China;School of Literature and History, North Minzu University, Yinchuan 750021, China
  • Received:2017-05-15 Online:2018-06-15 Published:2018-08-31

摘要:

反现代性叙事是应对现代性问题的一种思维与策略表达。当代非裔美国作家托尼•莫里森在其近作《家》中将黑人所面临的种族歧视和现代性诸多问题并置呈现,并以突出的反现代性叙事为当代黑人的双重困境提供了某种解决思路。文章以西方现代性理论为关照,试图从时间、生产形态及文化传统三个方面来呈现小说的反现代性叙事:通过主人公从北方城市到南方乡村的空间位移,突出后者对效率的摒弃及时间的还原;由于主要从事农业和手工业生产,南方乡村居民有意识地拒绝工业化的入侵及减少对商品的依赖;对黑人传统文化的认可和推崇,促进了该群体的主体性建构,进而有助于抚平战争及种族歧视带来的创伤。作品的反现代性叙事凸显了作家鲜明的文化立场,对激活传统文化的活力及启发当代社会所面临的现代性问题具有重要意义。

关键词: 托尼•莫里森;, 《家》, 反现代性, 美国文学, 黑人文学

Abstract:

Anti-modernity narration is a kind of thinking and strategy presentation to deal with the problem of modernity. Contemporary African-American writer Tony Morrison juxtaposes the problems of racial discrimination and modernity faced by black people in his recent novel Home, and provides some solutions to the dual dilemmas. The article tries to present the novel’s anti-modern narration from three aspects: time, mode of production, and cultural tradition. That is, with the protagonist’s spatial displacement from north to south, the novel highlights the latter’s rejection of efficiency and the essence of time. Rural residents in south consciously reject the invasion of industrialization and reduce the dependence on commodities. Local people show strong recognition and respect for black cultural traditions and practice this philosophy in their daily life. The anti-modernity narration shows the writer’s cultural position and is of great significance for activating the vitality of traditional culture and inspiring the issues of contemporary society.

Key words: Toni Morrison, Home, anti-modernity, American literature, African-American literature

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