北京第二外国语学院学报 ›› 2016, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (4): 90-100.DOI: 10.12002/j.bisu.2016.024

• 外国文学研究 • 上一篇    下一篇

柯勒律治会话诗《风弦琴》的同一性诗学观探讨

郭峰   

  1. 郭峰,浙江财经大学外国语学院
  • 收稿日期:2016-03-14 出版日期:2016-08-30 发布日期:2018-03-20
  • 作者简介:郭峰,浙江财经大学外国语学院,310018,研究方向:英国浪漫主义诗歌。电子邮箱:guofeng480@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    本文为2015国家人文社科规划基金项目(项目编号:15BWW053)和浙江省哲学社会科学规划项目(项目编号:15NDJC129YB)阶段性研究成果。

A Discussion of the Poetic Thought “Oneness” in Coleridge’s Conversation Poem The Eolian Harp

GUO Feng   

  1. Guangdong Medical College, Dongguan 523808, China
  • Received:2016-03-14 Online:2016-08-30 Published:2018-03-20

摘要: 《风弦琴》是柯勒律治“最珍爱”的新风格诗歌,以其柔婉狂野的自然形象、深刻丰满的生命思考与真诚理性的灵魂冥思展示了诗人“同一性”诗学思想在其人生经历中深刻而庞杂的发展脉络。“同一性”是柯勒律治诗学核心,而中外学界并未给予足够关注,由此导致对他诗歌深意的解读。论文尝试新历史主义和生态批评等现代批评方法和技巧解析《风弦琴》中的自然形象与冥思发问,试图观察柯勒律治思想发展与历史元素之间复杂的互文关系,客观认识和解读诗人“同一性”诗学的现代生态价值与意义。该诗不仅饱含了柯勒律治对美满爱情婚姻的期待,而且由“风弦琴”引出的一系列自然意象蕴意深刻,看似矛盾对立, 终又统一一致。诗人因“冥顽邪孽的构想”沦为“罪人”,而终得到上帝的救赎。本文认为,该诗集中体现了诗人“同一性”诗学思想的重大发展:在宗教上从上帝一位论回归三位一体,在政治上对激进思想进行自我批判,在自然哲学方面包含万物整一的自然观。

关键词: 柯勒律治, 《风弦琴》, 同一性, 和谐整一

Abstract: As Coleridge’s “the most favorite” “New Style” poem, The Eolian Harp, with its mild-wild images of nature, deep and profound reflections on life and sincere and rational soul meditation, demonstrates the deep and sophisticated developing context of his poetic thought “Oneness” in his life experience. Oneness is the core of Coleridge’s poetics. Nevertheless, the lack of this reference from critics both at home and abroad leads to the failure of an objective understanding of his poetry, especially his conversation poems. The article here, from the perspectives of new historicism and eco-criticism, rereads and analyzes the natural images and religious musings in The Eolian Harp, trying to observe the inter-textual relationship between history and the development of Coleridge’s poetics and thus interpret objectively the modern cological value and significance in his poetic “Oneness”. This early conversation poem not simply expresses Coleridge’s expectation of a blessed love and marriage, but the images of nature that have rich implications in thinkingon the Eolian Harp, superficially at odds with each other,ultimately in a perfect harmony in their true sense. The poet here is awakened from “the shapings of a regenerated mind” and ultimately redeemed by God’s grace. The poem fully embodies the significant advance of Coleridge’s poetic thought “Oneness”: to return from Unitarianism to Trinity religiously, to give a selfcriticism of the radical thoughts politically, and to deepen the conception of “Unity” of all things on earth in natural philosophy.

Key words: Coleridge, The Eolian Harp, oneness, harmony and unity

中图分类号: