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北京第二外国语学院学报  2016, Vol. 38 Issue (5): 45-57    DOI: 10.12002/j.bisu.2016.060
语言学研究     
网络新生词“点赞”的研究 ——基于使用语言模型及复杂适应系统的理论视角
何 享
何享,江苏科技大学外国语学院
Linguistic Reflection on the Online Catchword of Appreciation—From the Perspective of Usage-based Language Model and Complex Adaptive System Theory
HE Xiang
Jiangsu University of Science & Technology, Zhenjiang 212003, China
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摘要: 语言是一种特殊的社会现象。网络语言作为一种社会语言变体,是一个由认知、文化和使用三者交互作用而形成的复杂适应系统,经历着一个不断发展变化的动态过程。本文以网络新生词“点赞”为研究对象,以复杂适应系统理论及“基于使用”的语言观为基础,对“点赞”表达从意义建构、语法化以及语用适应3个维度对网络语言复杂、动态、非线性的发展过程展开探讨。研究表明:网络新生词“点赞”处于一个语义不断深化、语法功能不断拓宽的动态适应发展过程中。本文认为:网络语言是具有时代特征的新语言现象,社会发展对网络语言具有极大的影响和推动作用,网络语言遵循在使用中发展、在社会互动中动态地适应和演化的规律。网络语言的发展过程反映了语言随着社会经济发展而发展的基本规律。
关键词: 使用语言模型复杂适应系统理论点赞网络语言语言变体    
Abstract: Language is a special social phenomenon and is always on the changing process with the development of society. During the evolving process of language, new language varieties will continuously emerge due to the changes of some social and cultural factors. Cyber language is universally accepted as one type of the social language varieties. Basically, cyber language can be treated as a complex adaptive system which is influenced by the interaction between users’ cognition, social culture and the surrounding environments. Thus it is safe to say that cyber language is always undergoing a dynamic evolving process. With the usage-based language model as the theoretical foundation, this paper proposes a Complex Adaptive System (CAS) approach to analyze the expression of Appreciation to explore the complex, dynamic and nonlinear development of cyber language from the angle of meaning construction, grammaticalization and functional adaption respectively. It is found that the expression of Appreciation is experiencing adaptively a semantic connotations development and a process of grammatical functions expansion as well. This paper suggests that the emergence and development of cyber language is a novel and trendy social language phenomenon. Network language can achieve its process and evolution under the huge impact of social changes and social promotions. When faced with the changing surroundings, cyber language itself enjoys a timely adaption and responsive development to keep up with the new environments, which reflects the basic principle of language development, namely, language changes with the development of society.
Key words: Usage-based Language Model    Complex Adaptive System Theory    the expression of Appreciation    cyber language    language variety
收稿日期: 2016-05-09 出版日期: 2018-03-20
PACS:  H030  
作者简介: 何享,江苏科技大学外国语学院,212003,研究方向:二语习得。电子邮箱:hxoliver@163.com
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何 享

引用本文:

何 享. 网络新生词“点赞”的研究 ——基于使用语言模型及复杂适应系统的理论视角[J]. 北京第二外国语学院学报, 2016, 38(5): 45-57.

HE Xiang. Linguistic Reflection on the Online Catchword of Appreciation—From the Perspective of Usage-based Language Model and Complex Adaptive System Theory. Journal of Beijing International Studies University, 2016, 38(5): 45-57.

链接本文:

https://journal.bisu.edu.cn/CN/10.12002/j.bisu.2016.060        https://journal.bisu.edu.cn/CN/Y2016/V38/I5/45

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