北京第二外国语学院学报 ›› 2019, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (3): 3-16.DOI: 10.12002/j.bisu.215

• 学术争鸣 •    下一篇

新时代背景下 《大学英语教学指南》的修订及理论依据

蔡基刚   

  1. 复旦大学,200433
  • 收稿日期:2019-04-25 出版日期:2019-06-15 发布日期:2019-08-08
  • 作者简介:蔡基刚,复旦大学外文学院教授,博士生导师,200433,研究方向:对比语言学和应用语言学。电子邮箱:caijigang@fudan.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家社科基金项目“中国大学生学术英语能力及素养等级量表建设和培养路径研究”(016BYY027F);国家语委科研重点项目“汉英学术语篇阅读效率及信息加工对比研究”(ZDIII125-57)

On the Revision of The College English Teaching Guide in the New Era and Its Theoretical Basis

Jigang CAI   

  1. Fudan University, Shanghai 200433, China
  • Received:2019-04-25 Online:2019-06-15 Published:2019-08-08

摘要:

《大学英语教学指南》是在2013年制定的,近年来,我国相继提出了“一带一路”倡议、“双一流建设”和科技创新等国家战略。在此背景下,公共英语的地位凸显,如果仍然需要全国统一的教学大纲,就有必要与时俱进进行修订,如公共英语有必要进行范式转移,从强调厚实的语言基础、偏向人文素质和跨文化交际的倾向朝公共英语的专业性、工具性和科学性发展。为此笔者在教学目标、教学要求和课程设置三个方面提出了修订建议及理论依据。笔者建议教学目标应直接满足国家社会经济发展的需要而不是个性化的学生个体需求,如词汇量要求应该翻倍并且包括学生专业领域里的词汇,学术英语和专门用途英语课程是公共英语的主流课程,而通用英语课程则必须不断边缘化。

关键词: 《大学英语教学指南》, 人文性和工具性, 学术英语, 专门用途英语, 通识英语

Abstract:

The College English Teaching Guide was published in 2013 and since then China has made the Belt and Road Initiative and state strategies as the building-up of world class universities and academic disciplines as well as technological innovation. Against the backdrop of new state strategies, it is necessary to revise and update the national College English Teaching Guideline if it is still expected to provide adequate guidance. To adapt to the new era, we propose a paradigm shift from the traditional emphasis of CET on the solid language foundation, the humanistic quality and cross-cultural communication to the development of students’ professional, academic and pragmatic abilities. To this end, we put forward the revised content and the theoretical basis for its revision in terms of teaching objectives, teaching requirement and curriculums. It is suggested that the objective should aim to satisfy the needs of socioeconomic development directly instead of addressing various individual needs of the students. Hence the linguistic requirement and CET courses should be tailored to match the objective. For example, the size of vocabulary should be doubled and the discipline-specific vocabulary should also be included. Courses of teaching general English should be marginalized and substantially replaced by courses of teaching English for academic purposes and for specific purposes.

Key words: College English Teaching Guide, humanistic quality and instrument-ality, EAP, ESP, English for general education purposes

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