Please wait a minute...
北京第二外国语学院学报  2016, Vol. 38 Issue (5): 14-33    DOI: 10.12002/j.bisu.2016.037
语言学研究     
英汉韵律词结构特征对比研究
郭中子
郭中子,天津外国语大学英语学院
A Contrastive Analysis of the Structure of Prosodic Words in Mandarin and English
GUO Zhongzi
Tianjin Foreign Studies University, Tianjin 300204, China
 全文: PDF(1344 KB)   [HTML]()
摘要: 本文以音高特征为出发点,对英语和汉语的韵律词结构特征进行对比研究。本文基于自然话语语料库,从实验语音学角度对汉语自然独白话语中三音节韵律词的音高特征进行研究,并结合英语韵律词特点,与其进行对比分析。研究发现结构性位置因素会对三音节韵律词的音高产生重要影响。语法组合类型、音节所在的韵律层级边界、语调短语位置、中字音节和末字音节都有可能对前字音节的音高产生影响。中字音节的4 个声调的音高会受到韵律词的语法组合类型、前字音节、末字音节和所在语调短语位置的影响。末字音节的4 个声调的音高会受到其所在的韵律层级边界、中字音节声调的影响。与前人在朗读语料的研究发现不同,自然语流中不仅存在中字对前字音高的异化作用,还存在中字对前字音高的同化作用。前字声调主要是对中字音节的调头音高产生影响,末字声调主要是对中字音节的调尾音高产生发音协同作用。
关键词: 韵律词结构因素音高异化发音协同    
Abstract: This paper, particularly focusing on the pitch of prosodic words, has conducted a contrastive study on the structure of prosodic words in English and Mandarin . This paper reports a Mandarin monologue speech corpus-study, an experimental phonetic attempt to conduct a study on the pitch of trisyllabic prosodic words in Mandarin monologue. In addition, taking the characteristics of English prosodic words into consideration, the paper makes a contrastive analysis of prosodic words in English and Mandarin. This study finds that the pitch of trisyllabic prosodic words in Mandarin is inevitably affected by structural factors. As far as the left syllable is concerned, the grammatical category, prosodic hierarchical boundary and the position of the intonational phrase where the syllable is located, the mid syllable and the right syllable may have influences on the pitch contour of the left syllable. As to the mid syllable, the grammatical category, the left syllable, the right syllable and the position of the intonational phrase where the syllable is located may have influences on the pitch contour of the mid syllable. As for the right syllable, the prosodic hierarchical boundary where the syllable is located and the mid syllable may have effects on the pitch contour of the right syllable. Different from the previous findings of the study on read corpus, this study shows that the mid syllable not only has dissimilatory effects but also has assimilatory effects on the pitch of its preceding syllable. The left syllable has anticipatory effects on the onset pitch of the mid syllable and the right syllable has coarticulation effects on the offset pitch of the mid syllable.
Key words: prosodic words    structural factors    pitch    regressive effects    coarticulation
收稿日期: 2016-05-04 出版日期: 2018-03-20
PACS:  H315.9  
基金资助: 本文为天津市哲学社会科学规划项目“汉语自然话语韵律音系研究”(项目编号:TJZW15-014)、教育部人文社会科学研究规划项目“汉语对话中韵律趋同的实验研究”(项目编号:15YJC740105)和教育部人文社会科学研究规划项目“中国学习者英语语调的可学性研究 ”(项目编号:15YJC740097)的阶段性成果之一。
作者简介: 郭中子,天津外国语大学英语学院,300204,研究方向:语音学,音系学。 电子邮箱:guozhongzi@126.com
服务  
把本文推荐给朋友
加入引用管理器
E-mail Alert
RSS
作者相关文章  
郭中子

引用本文:

郭中子. 英汉韵律词结构特征对比研究[J]. 北京第二外国语学院学报, 2016, 38(5): 14-33.

GUO Zhongzi. A Contrastive Analysis of the Structure of Prosodic Words in Mandarin and English. Journal of Beijing International Studies University, 2016, 38(5): 14-33.

链接本文:

https://journal.bisu.edu.cn/CN/10.12002/j.bisu.2016.037        https://journal.bisu.edu.cn/CN/Y2016/V38/I5/14

[1]Hayes, B. The prosodic hierarchy in meter [A]. In Kiparsky, Paul &Youmans Gilbert(Eds.). Phonetics and Phonology: Rhythm and Meter[C]. San Diego, CA: Academic Press,1989:201~260. [2]McCarthy, J. J. & A. S. Prince. Prosodic morphology[A]. In John A. Goldsmith(Ed.).The Handbook of Phonological Theory[C]. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Blackwell,1995. [3]Nespor, M. & I. Vogel. Prosodic Phonology[M]. Dordrecht, Holland: Foris,1986. [4]Prom-on, S., Y. Xu & B. Thipakorn. Modeling tone and intonation in Mandarin and English as a process of target approximation [J]. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America,2009,125: 405~424. [5]Selkirk, E. The Syntax of Words[M]. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press,1982. [6]Selkirk, E. Phonology and Syntax[M]. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press,1984. [7]Selkirk, E. On derived domains in sentence phonology[J]. Phonology Yearbook,1986(3):271~405. [8]Xu, Y. Separation of functional components of tone and intonation from observed F0 patterns [A]. In Fant, G., H. Fujisaki, J. Cao & Y. Xu.(Eds.) From Traditional Phonology to Modern Speech Processing[C]. Beijing: Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press, 2004:483~505. [9]Xu, Y. Speech melody as articulatorily implemented communicative functions [J]. Speech Communication,2005,46:220~251. [10]Xu, Y. Timing and coordination in tone and intonation—An articulatory-functional perspective [J]. Lingua,2009,119:906~927. [11]邓丹. 汉语韵律词研究[M]. 北京:北京大学出版社,2010. [12]洪爽. 汉语的最小词[M]. 北京:北京语言大学出版社,2015. [13]李爱军. 友好语音的声学分析[J]. 中国语文,2005(5):418~431. [14]李凤杰. 韵律结构层次:理论与应用[M]. 天津:天津大学出版社,2012. [15]林茂灿. 普通话语句的韵律结构和基频(F0)高低线构建[J]. 当代语言学,2002 (4):254~265. [16]刘亚斌,李爱军. 朗读语料与自然口语的差异分析[J]. 中文信息学报,2002(1):13~18,51. [17]王洪君. 汉语非线性音系学——汉语的音系格局与单字音[M]. 北京:北京大学出版社,2008. [18]王丽娟. 汉语的韵律形态[M]. 北京:北京语言大学出版社,2015. [19]王茂林. 汉语自然话语韵律模式研究[M]. 广州:暨南大学出版社,2011. [20]王萍,石锋. 汉语语调的基本模式[J]. 南开语言学刊,2011(2):1~13. [21]熊子瑜. 自然语句边界的韵律特征及其交际功能[D]. 中国社会科学院研究生院博士论文,2003. [22]叶军. 现代汉语节奏研究[M]. 上海:上海世纪出版集团,2008. [23]殷治纲. 汉语普通话朗读语篇节奏研究[D]. 中国社会科学院研究生院博士论文,2011.
[1] 刘 嘉. 新旧时代之间的彷徨——评奥斯卡最佳影片《老无所依》[J]. 北京第二外国语学院学报, 2013, 35(12): 81-85.