北京第二外国语学院学报 ›› 2019, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (3): 32-44.DOI: 10.12002/j.bisu.221

• 语言学研究(二语习得研究专栏 主持人:徐锦芬) • 上一篇    下一篇

三语习得中的跨语言影响研究述评

徐锦芬,杨柳   

  1. 华中科技大学外国语学院,430074
  • 收稿日期:2018-10-22 出版日期:2019-06-15 发布日期:2019-08-08
  • 作者简介:徐锦芬,华中科技大学外国语学院教授,博士生导师,430074,研究方向:二语习得、外语教育和教师发展。电子邮箱: xujinfen@hust.edu.cn|杨柳,华中科技大学外国语学院,430074,研究方向:二语习得和三语习得。电子邮箱: yangliu003@163.com

Review of Research on Cross-linguistic Influence in Third Language Acquisition

Jinfen XU,Liu YANG   

  1. School of Foreign Languages, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430074, China
  • Received:2018-10-22 Online:2019-06-15 Published:2019-08-08

摘要:

近年来,三语习得已经被视为不同于二语习得的独立研究领域,引起了越来越多研究者的关注。三语习得中的跨语言影响更是学者们关注的热点问题之一。本文聚焦于心理语言学和生成语言学两个关键视域下三语习得研究中的跨语言影响研究,探讨跨语言影响发生的层面,分析跨语言影响的来源、因素和作用,并总结主要研究方法,评析现有研究中存在的不足,以期对我国三语习得研究和教学有所启示和帮助。

关键词: 三语习得, 跨语言影响, 述评, 心理语言学, 生成语言学

Abstract:

Third language acquisition has been regarded as a unique phenomenon and should be studied as an independent field, which has attracted the attention of more and more researchers in recent years. Research on third language acquisition has focused on different areas of the complex phenomenon of language acquisition. Among the areas that have received more attention, cross-linguistic influence has been one of the hottest issues of concern. This paper briefly summarizes and reviews cross-linguistic influence in third language acquisition from the perspectives of psycholinguistics and generative linguistics. The authors mainly explore various levels of cross-linguistic influence and analyze the primary sources of cross-linguistic influence. Then the reasons for the occurrence of cross-linguistic influence (including the linguistic factor and the learners’ factor) and effects of cross-linguistic influence are analyzed in this paper. The parameter resetting and initial state are discussed from the perspective of generative linguistics. Subsequently, this paper makes a list of the common research methods and analyzes the weaknesses in this field in terms of theory construction, research content and methods. It is expected that this research on cross-linguistic influence in third language acquisition will be conducive to better understanding third language acquisition and promoting its development, and provide new insight into the research of third language acquisition and the teaching of third language in China.

Key words: third language acquisition, cross-linguistic influence, review, psycholinguistics, generative linguistics

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