On the basis of historical contexts and representative books, the paper indicates why Ernst Robert Curtius and Erich Auerbach put forward different responses to the German crisis of humanism and philology which happened at the beginning of the 20th century. The former turned to medieval studies in order to construct a meaningful literary and cultural alternative to the Aryan philology, volkische mysticism and Nazi historiography that opposed traditional German Bildung, humanism, and enlightenment. The latter looked for a unity founded largely on Judaeo-Christian heritage, or the Scriptures, in which through figural interpretation, the Old Testament was woven throughout the fabric of European culture, literature and history. Both of them strove to re-establish the unity of European civilization, shattered by Nazi racial, ethnological divisiveness. Besides, the difference between Curtius and Auerbach was not related solely to their contrasting views about philology and historicism but more crucially to their existential condition: the difference between Aryans and Semites in an age of terror and tyranny when the former were permitted to live, the latter were condemned to die.
阿维胡扎卡伊（AvihuZakai）（著）,林振华（译）. 德国语文学危机的两种应对之策——论库尔提乌斯与奥尔巴赫[J]. 北京第二外国语学院学报, 2018, 40(4): 3-10.
Zakai Avihu,Zhenhua（Trans） LIN. Two Responses to the German Crisis of Philology: Ernst Robert Curtius and Erich Auerbach. Journal of Beijing International Studies University, 2018, 40(4): 3-10.