北京第二外国语学院学报 ›› 2017, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (5): 64-75.DOI: 10.12002/j.bisu.122

• 外国文学研究 • 上一篇    下一篇

追寻分裂时代的“好生活”——费希生态哲学视域下的莱辛小说解读

陈 倩   

  1. 陈倩,中国人民大学文学院
  • 收稿日期:2017-03-15 出版日期:2017-10-15 发布日期:2018-03-19
  • 作者简介:陈倩,中国人民大学文学院,100872,研究方向:外国文学、西方文论。电子邮箱:qpeichen@126.com
  • 基金资助:
    本文为中国人民大学科学研究基金(中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金资助)项目阶段成果(项目编号:14XNJ023)。

Searching for “The Good Life” in Splitting Times —Interpretation of Doris Lessing’s Works from Luc Ferry’s Ecological Perspective

CHEN Qian   

  1. Liberal Arts School, Renmin University of China, Beijing 100872, China
  • Received:2017-03-15 Online:2017-10-15 Published:2018-03-19

摘要: 法国学者吕克• 费希在其《新的生态秩序》《什么是好生活》《神话的智慧》等作品里, 通过对卢梭、笛卡尔、尼采、福柯、海德格尔等人的分析,结合当下现实,传达了他对“深层生 态学”和“生态女性主义”的进一步思考。他的忧虑、追问以及积极寻求解决环境问题的态度与 英国女作家多丽丝• 莱辛的一系列创作不谋而合。从费希生态哲学的视角解读,有助于加深对莱 辛作品的理解;莱辛对“分裂时代”人与自然关系的探讨也为当代生态哲学提供了鲜活素材。文 章通过细读费希和莱辛在生态问题上的共同关切和相近思考,使生态主义学说与当代文本实践互 为参照,试图证明在后资本主义时代,越来越多以费希、莱辛等欧美知识分子为代表的中产阶层 反思“什么是好生活”以及追寻分裂时代的“弥合”路径,成为比严峻的生态现实更有效推动当 代生态学发展之动因。

关键词: 深层生态学, 生态女性主义, 生态文学, 吕克&bull, 费希, 多丽丝&bull, 莱辛

Abstract: In many books such as The New Ecological Order, What is the Good Life and The Wisdom of Myths, the contemporary French scholar Luc Ferry analyzes the ecological thoughts of Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Rene Descartes, Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche, Michel Foucault and Martin Heidegger in detail. He also expresses his own further reflection on “Deep Ecology” and “Ecological Feminism”. His anxiety, inquiry and positive attitude to environmental issues are consistent with a lot of Doris Lessing’s works. This paper tries to draw on the perspective of Ferry’s ecological philosophy in interpretation of Doris Lessing’s novels. At the same time, Lessing’s discussion on the relationship between human beings and the nature conversely provides contemporary ecology the fresh material and reflecting path in her works. The paper synthesizes contemporary western ecological doctrine and literary text practice on the basis of close reading Ferry and Lessing’s common concern. It argues that more and more intellectuals among the western middle class such as Luc Ferry and Doris Lessing reflect “what is the good life” and search for a “crack bridge” of human beings and the nature in the bewildering splitting times. This is the more important motive force than harsh reality for the contemporary ecology development.

Key words: deep ecology, ecological feminism, ecological literature, Luc Ferry, Doris Lessing

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