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北京第二外国语学院学报  2018, Vol. 40 Issue (4): 41-52    DOI: 10.12002/j.bisu.156
语言学研究     
二语即时作文高低分组词汇丰富性对比研究
张晓东,任娇娇
A Comparative Study in Lexical Richness between High and Low Score L2 Impromptu Compositions
Xiaodong ZHANG,Jiaojiao REN
School of English at Beijing International Studies University, Beijing 100024, China
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摘要:

产出性词汇的丰富性对二语写作质量有着重要的影响。由于当前对比研究相对较少,因此无法深入了解不同质量写作文本之间产出性词汇的特征差异。鉴于此,本文以英语专业本科二年级学生即时写作的议论文为研究样本,从词汇多样性、词汇复杂性、词汇密度和词汇错误四个方面对高分组和低分组作文词汇丰富性的差异进行了对比分析。研究结果显示,高分作文在词汇多样性、词汇复杂性方面均高于低分组,其中词汇复杂性差异显著;在词汇错误方面,高分作文低于低分作文;两组在词汇密度方面差异不大。研究结论对二语教学具有一定的启示意义。

关键词: 二语写作词汇丰富性词汇多样性词汇复杂性    
Abstract:

L2 writing quality is greatly influenced by lexical richness. Due to the rarity of relevant studies, it is hard to learn about differences in productive lexical richness among compositions of different qualities. This research aimes at revealing lexical differences between compositions of higher scores and those with lower scores. Sophomores majoring in English in a foreign language university are asked to write an argumentative composition impromptu in class. 60 compositions are taken as the samples with higher score ones and lower score ones selected. Lexical richness is assessed and compared from four aspects, i.e., lexical variation, lexical sophistication, lexical density and lexical errors. The results shows that the higher score compositions are better than the lower score ones in lexical variation and lexical sophistication, and the difference in lexical sophistication are significant. High score ones have fewer lexical errors than lower score ones. The difference in lexical density is not significant. This study has some implications for L2 teaching in writing. Students should be encouraged to enlarge their vocabulary, which is the basis of lexical richness. Teachers can help students to turn the passive vocabulary into productive vocabulary through sentence making so as to retrieve and process words in an automatic way.

Key words: L2 writing    lexical richness    lexical diversity    lexical sophistication
收稿日期: 2017-05-09 出版日期: 2018-10-20
作者简介: 张晓东,北京第二外国语学院英语学院,100024,研究方向:二语习得、语篇分析、外语教学等。电子邮箱:20020002@bisu.edu.cn;|任娇娇,北京第二外国语学院英语学院,100024,研究方向:语篇分析。电子邮箱:382605608@qq.com
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引用本文:

张晓东,任娇娇. 二语即时作文高低分组词汇丰富性对比研究[J]. 北京第二外国语学院学报, 2018, 40(4): 41-52.

Xiaodong ZHANG,Jiaojiao REN. A Comparative Study in Lexical Richness between High and Low Score L2 Impromptu Compositions. Journal of Beijing International Studies University, 2018, 40(4): 41-52.

链接本文:

https://journal.bisu.edu.cn/CN/10.12002/j.bisu.156        https://journal.bisu.edu.cn/CN/Y2018/V40/I4/41

统计数据
组别
最小值 最大值 均数 标准差 t p
低分组 15.25 31.22 21.19 3.68 —1.51 0.136
高分组 16.81 33.51 22.55 3.15
表1  词汇多样性描述统计
组别
词类别
高分组 低分组 t
最常用1 000词 78.94% 83.58% —4.93***
次常用1 000词 7.95% 6.06% 3.02**
学术词汇 5.13% 3.88% 2.63*
表外词 7.98% 6.48% 2.58*
表2  词汇复杂性t检验
统计数据
组别
最小值 最大值 平均值 标准差 t p
低分组 5.41 9.83 7.27 1.11 0.12 0.91
高分组 5.45 13.92 7.23 1.66
表3  词汇密度描述统计
统计数据
分组
最小值 最大值 总数量 平均值 t p
低分组 0 5 56 3.61 1.76 0.084
高分组 0 7 35 1.17
表4  词汇错误量描述统计
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