北京第二外国语学院学报 ›› 2016, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (5): 90-100.DOI: 10.12002/j.bisu.2016.035

• 外国文学研究 • 上一篇    下一篇

《饥饿游戏》中的空间暴力审美批判

王影君   

  1. 王影君,上海理工大学外语学院
  • 收稿日期:2016-03-04 出版日期:2016-10-15 发布日期:2018-03-20
  • 作者简介:王影君,上海理工大学外语学院,200093,研究方向:英美文学及西方文论。电子邮箱:wangyingjun2004@sina.com
  • 基金资助:
    本文为上海理工大学博士基金项目;辽宁省社会科学规划基金“空间想象与权力话语意识形态批判——异乌托邦小说研究”(项目编号:L11DWW005)研究成果。

Aesthetic Criticism of the Spatial Violence in The Hunger Games

WANG Yingjun   

  1. University of Shanghai for Science and Technology, Shanghai 200093, China
  • Received:2016-03-04 Online:2016-10-15 Published:2018-03-20

摘要: 《饥饿游戏》是美国作家苏珊?柯林斯的新锐异乌托邦小说,展现出后资本主义的社会危机。其诸多暴力描写屡受批评,但暴力审美恰是其主要特色,本文借后马克思主义理论家齐泽克的暴力理论,以批判立场力图分析揭露该审美背后制度危机之本质。资本对最大空间极端的占有欲催生了以空间暴力政治为特征的极权统治,空间隔离成为资本获得最大牟利的必要手段,暴力成为维护空间隔离的有效保障。多重暴力与空间隔离紧密组合,成为维护资本极权统治的最强大根基。而如何以他者暴力冲破主流政治的空间隔离,打破极权机制重获自由,成为小说深厚的暴力审美主题。该审美因此充满以暴抗暴的批判力度,被规训的他者正是基于以暴抗暴,自主自为的主体权力欲求获得觉醒。

关键词: 饥饿游戏, 空间暴力政治, 权力, 大众传媒, 异乌托邦

Abstract: The Hunger Games, a current popular dystopian fiction written by American writer Suzanne Collins, reveals the social crises of the post-capitalism time. It stirs up the harsh criticism for its many violent depictions, but it is the depictions of violence that make it special. From a critical viewpoint of aesthetics of violence, this paper tries to use the theory of violence of post-Marxist Slavoj Zizek to analyze and dig out that the essential root of the crises in the novel is the capitalism system itself in the post capitalist era. The extreme desire of capitalism is to occupy extreme capital space that leads to the building up of the totalitarian governance at the base of spatial violent politics in the novel. The spatial isolation becomes the most necessary device for making biggest profits; while violence becomes the most effective security to remain the spatial isolation. The close union of multiple violence and spatial isolation becomes the strongest foundation of the totalitarianism of capitalist society. Then it becomes the impressive theme of the aesthetics of violence of the novel—how the governed can employ the violence of the other’s to break the spatial isolation and destroy the totalitarian system of the social mainstream to win back their own liberty. Therefore, the aesthetics of violence in the novel is full of power of critical aesthetics with violence against violence. Based on such critical aesthetics of violence, the forces of self-consciousness and self-activity of the disciplined others are awakening for their subjective rights on the way when violence against violence.

Key words: The Huger Games, spatial violent politics, power, mass media, dystopia

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