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北京第二外国语学院学报  2014, Vol. 36 Issue (10): 56-    
外国文学研究     
当代文学批评中的动物研究
李素杰
北京第二外国语学院 北京 100024
Animal Studies in Contemporary Literary Criticism
Li Sujie
Beijing International Studies University,Beijing 100024,China
 全文: PDF(1376 KB)   [HTML]()
摘要: 本文旨在对当代西方文学批评中新近兴起的动物研究加以述评。动物研究集跨学科性和跨文化性于一体,深入探讨动物的伦理地位问题,批判人与动物二元对立的思想中所折射的人类中心主义,深刻挖掘物种歧视与种族歧视、阶级歧视、性别歧视之间的勾连共谋,揭示文学及文化再现方式对动物的掠夺式利用。其目标是促成人类在生态共同体中的重新定位,以谦卑之心面对其他物种伙伴,实现人与动物的历史性和解。同时,动物研究为解读文学中的动物意象提供了全新的理论视角和批评话语,在象征和隐喻意义之外还原动物的生命主体身份,揭示它们的苦乐,从而唤起读者的动物伦理意识。
关键词: 动物研究动物伦理物种歧视主义    
Abstract: Animal studies explore the ethical identity of animals and critique the anthropocentrism in the human/animal binary thinking of Western culture. It unearths the collaboration between speciesism and racism, classism, and sexism and reveals the exploitative nature in the literary and cultural representation of animals. The goal of animal studies is to promote a redefinition of the human identity in the ecological community and achieve a historical reconciliation of humans and non-human animals. Furthermore, animal studies provide a new perspective and critical discourse for the interpretation of animal images in literature. Efforts are made to restore their identity as subjects of life rather than as merely symbols and metaphors.
Key words: animal studies    animal ethics    speciesism
收稿日期: 2014-07-02 出版日期: 2018-03-20
基金资助: 本研究获2012年北京市教委社科计划面上项目《美国文艺复兴特性研究》资助(项目编号:SM201210031004);获北京第二外国语学院专著类重点项目《生态视域中美国文学史的反思与重构》资助(项目编号:12Aa002)。
作者简介: 李素杰,女,河北文安人,主要研究领域为美国小说和生态文学批评等。
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引用本文:

李素杰. 当代文学批评中的动物研究[J]. 北京第二外国语学院学报, 2014, 36(10): 56-.

Li Sujie. Animal Studies in Contemporary Literary Criticism. Journal of Beijing International Studies University, 2014, 36(10): 56-.

链接本文:

https://journal.bisu.edu.cn/CN/        https://journal.bisu.edu.cn/CN/Y2014/V36/I10/56

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