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北京第二外国语学院学报  2020, Vol. 42 Issue (2): 26-45    DOI: 10.12002/j.bisu.273
Cohesion and Coherence from an Ecolinguistic Perspective
He Wei(),Ma Chen()
National Research Centre for State Language Capacity/National Research Centre for Foreign Language Education, Beijing Foreign Studies University, Beijing 100089, China
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关键词: 生态语言学衔接与连贯生态哲学观生态话语分析    

To be adapted to Ecological Discourse Analysis, this paper examines and extends the cohesion and coherence theory within Systemic Functional Linguistics from an ecolinguistic perspective. The research shows that the ecological cohesion and coherence system involves three conjunctive sub-systems. The first is the ecosophy of ‘Diversity and Harmony, Interaction and Coexistence’, which is the basis for the judgment of eco-orientations of discourse. The second is the outside cohesive resources to be judged for eco-orientations of discourse, i.e., the three parameters of register - field, tenor and mode. The third is the inside cohesive resources to be judged for eco-orientations of discourse, including transitivity, mood, tense and voice, reference, substitution and ellipsis, conjunction, repetition and collocation, rhetorical devices, and pronunciations and intonations, which play a significant role in the organisation and progression of discourse, and the use of which either conveys certain eco-orientations or heightens or weakens degrees of eco-orientations. To illustrate the applicability of the extended cohesion and coherence theory in Ecological Discourse Analysis, this paper provides a few examples and explains how cohesive devices are employed to organise texts and to convey eco-orientations. But it should be noted that experiential and interpersonal meanings are the prerequisite for the existence of textual meaning. Therefore, analysts of discourse are expected to be familiar with extended transitivity, mood, modality and appraisal systems from the perspective of Ecolinguistics before analysing discourse based on this extended cohesion and coherence theory.

Key words: Ecolinguistics    cohesion and coherence    ecosophy    Ecological Discourse Analysis
收稿日期: 2020-02-28 出版日期: 2020-08-14
PACS:  H0-06  
基金资助: 本文系国家社科基金重大项目“‘一带一路’沿线国家语言资源数据库建设及汉外对比研究”的部分成果(项目编号:19ZDA319)
作者简介: 何伟,北京外国语大学国家语言能力发展研究中心/中国外语与教育研究中心教授,博士生导师,100089,研究方向:功能语言学、汉外对比、生态语言学、话语分析、翻译研究。电子邮箱:|马宸,北京外国语大学国家语言能力发展研究中心/中国外语与教育研究中心,100089,研究方向:功能语言学、生态语言学、话语分析。电子邮箱:
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何伟, 马宸. 生态语言学视角下的衔接与连贯[J]. 北京第二外国语学院学报, 2020, 42(2): 26-45.

He Wei, Ma Chen. Cohesion and Coherence from an Ecolinguistic Perspective. Journal of Beijing International Studies University, 2020, 42(2): 26-45.


图1  生态语言学视角下的衔接与连贯系统
逻辑语义关系 逻辑标记词示例
阐述类 重述 in other words、that is、namely、也就是、即
解释 in fact、actually、事实上、其中、至少
例证 for example、such as、(比)如、举例来说
延展类 增加 and、not only...but also...、既……又……
承接 and then、after、while、然后、一……就……
对照 instead、rather、but、同样、与其……不如……
选择 or、both...and...、或许、是……还是……
增强类 因果 because、so、therefore、由于、以至于、从而
转折 however、but、instead、否则、不然、却
目的 in order to、so as、so that、为了、使、以(便)
条件 if、unless、provided that、只要、如果、只有
方式 as、as if/though、like、如、像、通过、经由
投射类 极性成分 that、whether、if、是否、可否、能否
重合成分 when、where、who、why、如何、怎样、谁
表1  各类逻辑语义关系(何伟、刘佳欢,2019)
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