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北京第二外国语学院学报  2019, Vol. 41 Issue (5): 18-37    DOI: 10.12002/j.bisu.240
语言学研究(二语习得研究专栏 主持人:蔡金亭)     
国际结构启动研究的知识图谱分析(1986—2017)
王敏,甘桥
西安交通大学外国语学院,710049
Structural Priming Studies in International Journals over the Past Three Decades(1986—2017):An Analysis Based on KMD
Min Wang,Qiao Gan
School of Foreign Studies, Xi’an Jiaotong University, Xi’an 710049, China
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摘要:

结构启动(又称句法启动)是指人们在产出中倾向于重复使用先前使用或接触过的语言结构。经过30多年的发展,结构启动成为语言科学研究的热点之一。前人研究表明,结构启动既能够反映抽象表征,是研究语言加工机制的重要工具,又能够促进内隐学习和成功交际,对语言习得、语言交际、双语研究等具有很强的启发和借鉴意义。本文基于CiteSpace生成的可视化知识图谱,对国际结构启动研究文献进行了计量分析,系统考察了从1986年至2017年间结构启动论文发文量的变化、发文期刊、核心研究机构和高产作者的地区分布等,基于高共被引论文和关键词梳理了研究的核心议题及动态变化,并指出未来研究发展的趋势和方向。

关键词: 结构启动知识图谱语言表征协同内隐学习    
Abstract:

Structural priming (also known as syntactic priming) refers to the ubiquitous phenomenon that when people talk or write, they tend to reuse previously used or contacted linguistic structures in their output. In the past thirty years, language sciences have been witnessing growing interest in structural priming. Evidence abounds that structural priming is a strong and versatile phenomenon which can reflect abstract representations and is an important tool for studying the mechanism of language processing. In addition, it has been found to have a potential role in facilitating language learning and successful communication. Thus, structural priming research has strong implications for various branches of language sciences like language acquisition, bilingualism and language communication. By using the bibliometric data of structural priming studies published in international journals from 1986 to 2017, this paper gives a comprehensive review of structural priming research based on the visualized knowledge map generated by CiteSpace. Specifically, it investigates chronical changes in the amount of publications, systematically examines the changes in the number of papers published, journals which are more ready to publish structural priming papers, core research institutions and prolific researchers in the field and combs the core issue discussed in the papers and their evolving patterns based on highly co-cited papers and key words. Directions for future research are also discussed.

Key words: structural priming    Knowledge Mapping Domains (KMD)    syntactic representation    alignment    implicit learning
收稿日期: 2018-11-12 出版日期: 2020-01-15
PACS:  H08  
基金资助: 本文系2013年国家社会科学基金项目“结构启动在外语学习中的作用研究”(项目编号:13BYY069)
作者简介: 王敏,西安交通大学外国语学院,710049,研究方向:二语习得、心理语言学及基于语料库的学术语篇分析。电子邮箱:zjdxwm@126.com;|甘桥,西安交通大学外国语学院,710049,研究方向:二语习得。电子邮箱:aaron94@stu.xjtu.edu.cn
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引用本文:

王敏, 甘桥. 国际结构启动研究的知识图谱分析(1986—2017)[J]. 北京第二外国语学院学报, 2019, 41(5): 18-37.

Min Wang, Qiao Gan. Structural Priming Studies in International Journals over the Past Three Decades(1986—2017):An Analysis Based on KMD. Journal of Beijing International Studies University, 2019, 41(5): 18-37.

链接本文:

https://journal.bisu.edu.cn/CN/10.12002/j.bisu.240        https://journal.bisu.edu.cn/CN/Y2019/V41/I5/18

图1  1986—2017年国际结构启动研究的发文量
文献载体 数量 百分比 年期次 影响因子 主题
Journal of Memory and Language 89 10.62% 6 3.07 记忆和语言加工
Journal of Experimental Psychology:
Learning Memory and Cognition
76 9.07% 12 2.67 实证语言认知
Cognition 39 4.65% 12 3.41 生物和心理认知
Memory and Cognition 27 3.22% 8 2.25 人类记忆和学习
Language and Cognitive Processes 25 2.98% 10 1.85 神经语言学
Frontiers in Psychology 21 2.51% 12 2.32 实验心理学
Journal of Psycholinguistic Research 21 2.51% 6 0.66 语言表征和使用
Applied Psycholinguistics 17 2.03% 6 1.97 语言的心理机制
PLOS ONE 16 1.91% 12 2.77 学科综合
Bilingualism:Language and Cognition 14 1.67% 5 2.71 双语表征和加工
表1  结构启动研究载文量前10位的国际刊物
图2  国际结构启动研究的主要学者、地区和科研机构分布
图3  结构启动国际期刊论文共被引知识图谱
序号 文献及共被引次数
1 Structural priming:A critical review(Pickering & Ferreira,2008(③ C#86意为到数据分析截止时(截止时间为2018年5月21日),该篇文章Structural priming:A critical review(Pickering,M. J. & Ferreira,V. S.,2008)的引用量为86次。下同。)
2 Becoming syntactic(Chang,Dell & Bock,2006)C#67
3 Categorical data analysis:Away from ANOVAs(transformation or not)and towards logit mixed models(Jaeger,2008)C#53
4 Syntactic priming persists while the lexical boost decays:Evidence from written and spoken dialogue(Hartsuiker et al.,2008)C#51
5 Syntactic co-ordination in dialogue(Branigan,Pickering & Cleland,2000)C#44
6 Is syntax separate or shared between languages? Cross-linguistic syntactic priming in Spanish-English bilinguals(Hartsuiker,Pickering & Veltkamp,2004)C#43
7 Priming prepositional-phrase attachment during comprehension(Branigan,Pickering & McLean,2005)C#33
8 The use of lexical and syntactic information in language production:Evidence from the priming of noun-phrase structure(Cleland & Pickering,2003)C#31
9 Mixed-effects modeling with crossed random effects for subjects and items(Baayen,Davidson & Bates,2008)C#30
10 The representation of verbs:Evidence from syntactic priming in language production(Pickering & Branigan,1998)C#30
11 Word order priming in written and spoken sentence production(Hartsuiker & Westenberg,2000)C#29
12 Syntactic priming in young children(Huttenlocher,Vasilyeva & Shimpi,2004)C#28
13 Toward a mechanistic psychology of dialogue(Pickering & Garrod,2004) C#27
14 Structural priming across languages(Loebell & Bock,2003)C#26
15 Syntactic priming of relative clause attachments:Persistence of structural configuration in sentence production(Scheepers,2003) C#26
16 The representation of lexical and syntactic information in bilinguals:Evidence from syntactic priming(Schoonbaert,Hartsuiker & Pickering,2007)C#25
17 Random effects structure for confirmatory hypothesis testing:Keep it maximal(Barr et al.,2013)C#24
序号 文献及共被引次数
18 The persistence of structural priming:Transient activation or implicit learning?(Bock & Griffin,2000) C#24
19 Alignment as a consequence of expectation adaptation:Syntactic priming is affected by the prime’s prediction error given both prior and recent experience(Jaeger & Snider,2013) C#24
20 Structural priming as implicit learning:A comparison of models of sentence production (Chang,Dell & Bock,2000) C#23
表2  结构启动研究领域前20篇最高频共被引文献
图4  国际结构启动研究的热点分布
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