北京第二外国语学院学报 ›› 2022, Vol. 44 ›› Issue (4): 108-122.DOI: 10.12002/j.bisu.405

• 外国文学研究 • 上一篇    下一篇

为诗一辩:霍达谢维奇与阿达莫维奇的十年论战(1927-1937)

张猛()   

  1. 中国人民大学外国语学院,100872
  • 收稿日期:2020-12-20 出版日期:2022-08-30 发布日期:2022-09-15
  • 作者简介:张猛,中国人民大学外国语学院,100872,研究方向:比较文学、俄罗斯诗歌。电子邮箱:guniao1987@126.com

In Defense of Poetry: Ten Years of Controversy between Khodasevich and Adamovich (1927-1937)

Zhang Meng()   

  1. Renmin University of China, Beijing 100872, China
  • Received:2020-12-20 Online:2022-08-30 Published:2022-09-15

摘要:

20世纪二三十年代,作为诗人、评论家的霍达谢维奇与阿达莫维奇持续了10年的论战,成为巴黎俄侨诗歌界最重要的公共事件。两位评论家论战的主要内容包括侨民诗歌的评价标准、俄罗斯传统诗歌的继承、年轻一代侨民诗人的写作启蒙等,其中,以普希金为代表的经典文学样式和以“巴黎音调”为代表的新诗歌风貌成为论辩最主要的焦点。从本质上看,“十年论战”反映了俄罗斯侨民诗人普遍存在的创作焦虑和在身份认同上面临的现实困境,同时也折射出20世纪二三十年代欧洲的总体文化危机。

关键词: 俄罗斯侨民文学, 侨民诗歌, 巴黎音调, 霍达谢维奇, 阿达莫维奇, 文学性, 十年论战, 经典文学

Abstract:

In the 1920s and 1930s, the debate between the poet and critic Khodasevich and Adamovich lasted for ten years, which constituted the most important public event in the Russian poetry circle of Paris. The main content of the debate between the two critics included the evaluation of emigre poetry, the inheritance of traditional Russian poetry, the writing enlightenment of the younger generation of emigre poets, etc., and the classic literary style represented by Pushkin and the new poetry represented by the “Paris Tone” style have become the main focus of debate. In essence, the ten-year controversy reflects the general creative anxiety of the emigre poets and the realistic dilemma they faced in terms of identity. It also reflects the overall cultural crisis in Europe in the 1920s and 1930s.

Key words: Russian emigre literature, Russian emigre poetry, Pairs Tone, Khodasevich, Adamovich, literary, ten years of controversy, classical literature

中图分类号: