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北京第二外国语学院学报  2016, Vol. 38 Issue (1): 25-45    DOI: 10.12002/j.bisu.2016.015
语言学研究     
关于方言使用情况及态度——以威海地区胶东方言为例
左秀兰;吕雯钰
左秀兰,大连海事大学外国语学院; 吕雯钰,大连海事大学外国语学院。
About Dialect Usage and Attitude——A Case Study of Jiaodong Dialect in Weihai
ZUO Xiulan ;LV Wenyu
Dalian Maritime University, Dalian 116026, China
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摘要: 本文通过问卷调查,并运用定性与定量相结合的研究方法,以威海地区的胶东方言为例,调查研究了方言的使用情况及态度。研究发现居民普通话掌握情况较好,九成受访者表示会使用普通话;不同人群方言使用情况差别较大,年龄、职业和学历都是影响方言使用的重要因素。居民对方言的理解和掌握程度在降低。胶东方言处在濒危或潜在的濒危状态。对于方言发展趋势的调查结果显示,居民对于方言目前的状态表示乐观态度。对于方言将来的发展趋势,大多数居民了解和思考较少,还没有保护方言的意识。文章还调研了居民对保护方言的政策的看法,并结合年龄段分析了各种观念产生的心理原因。文章最后对我们如何保护方言提出了几点建设性的建议。
关键词: 方言使用方言保护胶东方言    
Abstract: This is a survey about dialect usage and attitudes through questionnaires. Both qualitative and quantitative methods are employed. The research is based upon the case study of Jiaodong dialect in Weihai. First, a questionnaire about the dialect status and situation is conducted in the paper. It shows in the survey of language usage in this area that residents in this area have a good command of Putonghua. Ninety percent of them can communicate with it very well. As for the use of dialect, people of different groups vary. Ages, occupations and educational levels are all important factors which have great influence upon people’s use of the dialect. And the research finds that residents’ comprehension and command of Jiaodong dialect is going down. So we can come to a conclusion that the dialect is in danger or in potential danger. Second, people’s attitudes towards Jiaodong dialect are studied. The survey of dialect development shows that people now have an optimistic attitude towards the present situation of it; they do not have much consideration about the future tendency of the dialect and have not realized the importance of protecting it. Third, people’s views of the protection polices are also surveyed in this paper and it finds that people’s opinions vary according to their ages. The psychological reasons behind these are fully analyzed here. In addition, some constructive suggestions about dialect protections are put forward at the end of the study and it is hoped that they can be of some reference and help for the government.
Key words: dialect usage    dialect protection    Jiaodong dialect
收稿日期: 2016-01-31
PACS:  H172.1  
基金资助: 此论文为《中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金项目(青年教师骨干基金项目)》(项目编号2012QN108;项目名称“关于扎德语与其他南岛系语言反身代词的指代问题研究”)成果。
作者简介: 左秀兰,大连海事大学外国语学院,116026,研究方向:普通语言学、社会语言学和认知语言学。吕雯钰,大连海事大学外国语学院,116026,研究方向:外国语言学及应用语言学。
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引用本文:

左秀兰;吕雯钰. 关于方言使用情况及态度——以威海地区胶东方言为例[J]. 北京第二外国语学院学报, 2016, 38(1): 25-45.

ZUO Xiulan ; LV Wenyu. About Dialect Usage and Attitude——A Case Study of Jiaodong Dialect in Weihai. Journal of Beijing International Studies Universit, 2016, 38(1): 25-45.

链接本文:

https://journal.bisu.edu.cn/CN/10.12002/j.bisu.2016.015        https://journal.bisu.edu.cn/CN/Y2016/V38/I1/25

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