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北京第二外国语学院学报  2021, Vol. 43 Issue (3): 116-133    DOI: 10.12002/j.bisu.341
范琳1(), 孙莉2(), 王震3()
1.北京外国语大学人工智能与人类语言重点实验室 100089
2.青岛科技大学外国语学院 266061
3.北京外国语大学外国语言研究所 100089
Review and Prospect of the Studies of Cognitive Aging on Senior Peoples’ Inferential Processing When Reading Texts
Fan Lin1(), Sun Li2(), Wang Zhen3()
1. Artificial Intelligence and Human Languages Lab, Beijing Foreign Studies University, Beijing 100089, China
2. School of Foreign Languages, Qingdao University of Science and Technology, Qingdao 266061, China
3. Research Institute of Foreign Languages, Beijing Foreign Studies University, Beijing 100089, China
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关键词: 语篇阅读推理认知老化老年人老龄化    

Cognitive aging has become a hot topic among language processing researchers because the aging of the world’s population has become an increasingly serious issue in recent years. Research on the cognitive mechanisms and neural basis of aging in language can not only reveal the processes of language development and cognitive functions in human beings, but can also contribute considerably to the cognitive intervention for age-related decline in language ability. Reading comprehension is a complex process that involves high cognitive ability, and is essential for successful functioning in society. As readers often need to draw inferences to construct coherent mental representations of a text, the generation of inferences is crucial for the successful comprehension of texts for both young and older people. This paper elaborates on the theoretical models and hypotheses of cognitive aging, and reviews the representative empirical studies of the effect of cognitive aging on inferential processing during discourse reading. Furthermore, this paper discusses the unresolved problems and controversies in this field, and presents some suggestions for future directions. It is hoped that this review will offer valuable suggestions for future in-depth research for researchers, and will enrich the research on senior people’s inference processing during text comprehension.

Key words: text comprehension    inference    cognitive aging    senior people    aging
收稿日期: 2019-01-18 出版日期: 2021-08-24
PACS:  B844.4  
基金资助: 国家社会科学基金项目“老年人阅读推理的认知老化机制研究”(18BYY088)
作者简介: 范琳,北京外国语大学人工智能与人类语言重点实验室教授,博士生导师,100089,研究方向:心理语言学、神经语言学。电子邮箱:
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范琳, 孙莉, 王震. 老年人语篇阅读推理认知老化研究:回顾与展望[J]. 北京第二外国语学院学报, 2021, 43(3): 116-133.

Fan Lin, Sun Li, Wang Zhen. Review and Prospect of the Studies of Cognitive Aging on Senior Peoples’ Inferential Processing When Reading Texts. Journal of Beijing International Studies University, 2021, 43(3): 116-133.


图1  平行模型
图2  层次模型
图3  共因模型
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