北京第二外国语学院学报 ›› 2019, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (1): 92-100.DOI: 10.12002/j.bisu.201

• 外国文学研究 • 上一篇    下一篇

美国地方书写思想的神学渊源

朱翠凤   

  1. 中山大学中国语言文学系(珠海),519080
  • 收稿日期:2017-03-16 出版日期:2019-02-15 发布日期:2019-06-10

Theological Origins of American Regional Writing Thoughts

Cuifeng ZHU   

  1. Department of Chinese, Sun Yat-sen University, Zhuhai 519080, China
  • Received:2017-03-16 Online:2019-02-15 Published:2019-06-10

摘要:

在过往的美国生态批评研究中,研究者在追踪美国地方书写思想的渊源时,多看到其与印第安神话传说、古希腊盖娅神话、中国道教或日本禅宗等之间的关系,但研究其与基督教神学之关系的并不多。这与基督教给人的普遍印象有关。本文着力于研究美国地方书写思想的神学渊源。美国地方书写的文本数量巨大,其中包含多种不同的类型。本文梳理了清教主义、超验主义及生态神学等思想影响下的三种不同类型的地方书写思想,从这三种不同类型的地方书写思想可以看出,基督教神学思想下依然可以产生大量的地方书写文本。清教主义影响下的地方书写延续至今,而超验主义及生态神学影响下的地方书写为美国地方书写思想研究提供了重要的文本资料。

关键词: 地方书写, 清教主义, 超验主义, 生态神学, 自然

Abstract:

In the past studies of American ecological criticism, when researchers traced the origins of American regional writing thoughts, they often found their links with Indian myths, ancient Greek Gaia mythology, Chinese Taoism or Japanese Zen. There are not many studies on their Christian theological origins. The general impression of Christianity people have may play a part in this. This article focuses on the theological sources of American regional writing thoughts. The amount of regional writing in the United States is huge and contains many different types. The article sorts out three different types of regional writing ideas under the influence of Puritanism, transcendentalism and ecological theology. From these studies, we can see that the theological thoughts of Christianity can still lead to the writing of a large number of regional texts. Puritanism still exerts its influence on the writing of regional texts today and the regional writing influenced by transcendentalism and ecological theology provides important textual materials for the study of American regional writing thoughts.

Key words: regional writing tradition, Puritanism, Transcendentalism, ecological theology, nature

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