Please wait a minute...
北京第二外国语学院学报  2017, Vol. 39 Issue (4): 70-94    DOI: 10.12002/j.bisu.113
语言学研究     
汉语隐喻加工的fMRI研究
王小潞 何代丽
王小潞, 浙江大学外国语言文化与国际交流学院教授、浙江大学语言与认知研究中心,310058;浙江大学宁波理工学院外国语学院教授、院长,315100;澳大利亚西悉尼大学人文与传媒艺术学院兼职教授。
何代丽,浙江大学外国语言文化与国际交流学院
Chinese Metaphor Processing: An fMRI Study
WANG Xiaolu / HE Daili
1. School of International Studies, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, China;
2. School of Foreign Language Studies, Ningbo Institute of Technology, Zhejiang University, Ningbo 315100, China; 
3. School of Humanities & Communication Arts, Westem Sydney University, Penrith NSW 2751, Australia
 全文: PDF(1146 KB)   [HTML]()
摘要: 为了探求汉语隐喻大脑加工的规律,本研究采用fMRI手段,对“NP+Vbe+NP”和“NP+V+NP”句型的汉语本义句和隐喻句的加工进行对比考察。研究发现:隐喻句加工难于本义句加工;相较而言,新颖隐喻加工与常规隐喻加工在神经机制上既有联系又有区别,二者都需要大脑两半球的协同合作,但是大脑两半球的功能不同,常规隐喻加工主要涉及左脑,而新颖隐喻和假句的加工会更多地涉及右脑;传统语言区(包括左脑额中回和颞上回)的激活表明,所有的语言加工都会共享语言加工神经网络;NP+V+NP句型与NP+Vbe+NP句型相比,无论是NP+V+NP句型的本义句或隐喻句加工都比对应的NP+Vbe+NP句型的本义句或隐喻句加工动用更多的神经资源。总的结果支持隐喻加工的全脑配合理论和等级凸显假说。
关键词: 汉语隐喻fMRI加工脑区隐喻生涯假说    
Abstract: By means of functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), the processing of Chinese metaphors and their corresponding Chinese literal sentences of both NP+V+NP and NP+Vbe+NP sentence patterns is observed in order to explore the laws of Chinese metaphor processing. It is found that the comprehension of metaphorical sentences is more demanding than that of literal sentences as more activation can be seen from the metaphor processing; that both hemispheres do not play the same role to the contribution of novel metaphor processing and conventional metaphor processing, because the processing of conventional metaphors is mainly activated on the left hemisphere while the processing of novel metaphors or seudo-sentences also elicits the activation on the right hemisphere, which proves that both hemispheres are involved in the comprehension of Chinese metaphors in general, but with more involvement of the right hemisphere for novel metaphors than for conventional metaphors in particular; that both metaphors and literal sentences elicit extensive bilateral activation, including the Broca’s area and the Wernicke area on the left, which reveals that the typical language brain areas are involved in all language processing; and that the NP+V+NP processing will engage in more brain resources than the NP+Vbe+NP processing whether we compared these two sentence patterns by literal sentences or by metaphors. Generally speaking, our study supports the view of integration of whole brain processing and the Career of Metaphor Hypothesis concerning the Chinese metaphor processing.
Key words: Chinese metaphor    fMRI    processing brain areas    Career of Metaphor Hypothesis
收稿日期: 2017-05-22 出版日期: 2018-03-19
PACS:  H315.9  
基金资助: 本文系国家社科基金重大项目“汉语非字面语言认知的神经心理机制研究”(14ZDB155)的资助成果。
作者简介: 王小潞,?浙江大学外国语言文化与国际交流学院教授、浙江大学语言与认知研究中心,310058;浙江大学宁波理工学院外国语学院教授、院长,315100;澳大利亚西悉尼大学人文与传媒艺术学院兼职教授。研究方向:心理语言学、神经语言学。电子邮箱:lucywxl@zju.edu.cn 何代丽,浙江大学外国语言文化与国际交流学院,310058,研究方向:神经语言学。电子邮箱:daili.217314@163.com
服务  
把本文推荐给朋友
加入引用管理器
E-mail Alert
RSS
作者相关文章  
王小潞 何代丽

引用本文:

王小潞 何代丽. 汉语隐喻加工的fMRI研究[J]. 北京第二外国语学院学报, 2017, 39(4): 70-94.

WANG Xiaolu / HE Daili. Chinese Metaphor Processing: An fMRI Study. Journal of Beijing International Studies University, 2017, 39(4): 70-94.

链接本文:

https://journal.bisu.edu.cn/CN/10.12002/j.bisu.113        https://journal.bisu.edu.cn/CN/Y2017/V39/I4/70

[1]Ahrens K, Liu H L, Lee C Y, Gong S P, Fang S Y & Hsu Y Y. Functional MRI of conventional and anomalous metaphors in Mandarin Chinese [J]. Brain and Language, 2007, 100 (2):163~171.
[2]Arzouan Y,Goldstein A & Faust M. Dynamics of hemispheric activity during metaphor comprehension:electrophysiological measures [J]. Neuroimage,2007,36(1),222~231.
[3]Beeman M. Coarse semantic coding and discourse comprehension. In Beeman M & Chiarello C (Eds.). Right Hemisphere Language Comprehension: Perspectives from Cognitive Neuroscience [M]. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers. 1998:255~284.
[4]Bennett S & Netsell R W. Possible roles of the insula in speech and language processing: Directions for research [J]. Journal of Medical Speech-Language Pathology, 1999(7): 255~272.
[5]Bowdle B F & Gentner D. The career of metaphor [J]. Psychological Review, 2005, 112(1), 193~216.
[6]Bottini G, Corcoran R, Sterzi R, Paulesu E, Schenone P, Scarpa P, Frackowiak R S J & Frith C D. The role of the right hemisphere in the interpretation of figurative aspects of language: a positron emission tomography activation study [J]. Brain, 1994(117): 1241~1253.
[7]Caplan D, Alpert N, Waters G & Olivieri A. Activation of Broca’s area by syntactic processing under conditions of concurrent articulation [J]. Human Brain Mapping, 2000, 9(2): 65~71.
[8]Chen E, Widick P & Chatterjee A. Functional-anatomical organization of predicate metaphor processing [J]. Brain and Language, 2008(107):194~202.
[9]Cohen L, Lehéricy S, Chochon F, Lemer C, Rivaud S & Dehaene S. Language-specific tuning of visual cortex. Functional properties of the visual word form area [J]. Brain, 2002(125):1054~1069.
[10]Coulson S. Metaphor comprehension and the brain [A]. In Gibbs R W Jr. (Ed.) The Cambridge Handbook of Metaphor and Thought [M]. New York: Cambridge University Press,2008, 177~194.
[11]Damasio A R, & Tranel D. Nouns and verbs are retrieved with differently distributed neural systems. [J]. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 1993, 90(11):4957~4960.
[12]Faust M & Weisper S. Understanding metaphoric Sentences in the Two Cerebral Hemispheres [J]. Brain and Cognition, 2000, 43(1-3):186~191.
[13]Gabrieli J D, Poldrack R A & Desmond J E. The role of left prefrontal cortex in language and memory [J]. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (USA), 1998,95: 906~913.
[14]Gardner H & Brownell H H. Right Hemisphere Communication Battery [M]. Boston: Psychology Service, VAMC. 1986.
[15]Gagnon L, Goulet P, Giroux F & Joanette Y. Processing of metaphoric and non-metaphoric alternative meanings of words after right- and left- hemispheric lesion [J]. Brain and Language, 2003, 87(2): 217~226.
[16]Gibbs R W. Metaphor interpretation as embodied simulation [J]. Mind and Language, 2006(21):434~458.
[17]Giora R. On our mind: salience, context, and figurative language [J]. Language in Society, 1997a, 34(2), 307~310.
[18]Giora R. Understanding figurative and literal language: The graded salience hypothesis [J]. Cognitive Linguistics, 1997b, 7: 183~206.
[19]Giora R. On the priority of salient meanings: Studies of literal and figurative language [J]. Journal of Pragmatics, 1999(31):919~929.
[20]Giora R. On the graded salience hypothesis [J]. Intercultural Pragmatics, 2004, 1(1):113~123.
[21]Holmes A P & Friston K J. Generalisability, random effects, and population inference[J]. NeuroImage, 1998(7): S754.
[22]Jung-Beeman M. Bilateral brain processes for comprehending natural language [J]. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 2005, 9(11): 512~518.
[23]Just M A, Carpenter P A, Keller T A, Eddy W F & Thulborn K R. Brain activation modulated by sentence comprehension [J]. Science, 1996a, 274: 114~116.
[24]Just M A, Carpenter P A & Keller T A. The capacity theory of comprehension: New frontiers of evidence and arguments [J]. Psychological Review, 1996b, 103(4): 773~780.
[25]Kable J, Lease-Spellmeyer J & Chatterjee A. Neural substrates of action event knowledge [J]. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 2002, 14(5):795~805.
[26]Kang A M, Constable R T, Gore J C & Avrutin S. An event-related fMRI study of implicit phrase-level syntactic and semantic processing [J]. NeuroImage, 1999, 10(5):555~561.
[27]Kirschen M P, Chen S H, Schraedley-Desmond P & Desmond J E. Load- and practice-dependent increases in cerebro-cerebellar activation in verbal working memory: an fMRI study [J]. NeuroImage, 2005, 24(2):462~472.
[28]Kircher T T J, Brammer M, Tous A N, Williams S C & Mcguire P K. Engagement of right temporal cortex during processing of linguistic context [J]. Neuropsychologia, 2001, 39(8):798~809.
[29]Kuperberg G R, McGuire P K, Bullmore E T, Brammer M J, Rabehesketh S & Wright I C, et al. Common and distinct neural substrates for pragmatic, semantic, and syntactic processing of spoken sentences: An fMRI study [J]. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 2000, 12(2):321~341.
[30]Mashal N, Faust M & Hendler T. The role of the right hemisphere in processing nonsalient metaphorical meanings: Application of principal components analysis to fMRI data [J]. Neuropsychologia, 2005, 43(14):2084~2100.
[31]Mashal N, Faust M, Hendler T & Jung-Beeman, M. An fMRI investigation of the neural correlates underlying the processing of novel metaphoric expressions [J]. Brain and Language, 2007, 100 (2):115~126.
[32]Mashal N, Faust M, Hendler T & Jung-Beeman M. Hemispheric differences in processing the literal interpretation of idioms: Converging evidence from behavioral and fMRI studies [J]. Cortex, 2008, 44(7):848~860.
[33]Mashal N & Faust M. Conventionalisation of novel metaphors: a shift in hemispheric asymmetry [J]. Laterality, 2009, 14(6):573~589.
[34]Noesselt T, Shah N J & Jǎncke L. Top-down and bottom-up modulation of language related areas-An fMRI study [J]. BMC Neuroscience, 2003, 4(13):1471~2202.
[35]Petersen S E, Fox P T, Posner M I, Mintun M A & Raichle M E. Positron emission tomographic studies of the cortical anatomy of single-word processing [J]. Nature, 1988, 331(6157): 585~589.
[36]Posner M I, Inhoff A W & Friedrich F J, et al.: Isolating attention systems: a cognitive-anatomical analysis [J]. Cognitive Science Program, Technical Report,1986(86-3):57.
[37]Posner M I, Peterson S E, Fox P T & Raichle M E. Localization of cognitive operations in the human brain [J]. Science, 1988(240):1627~1631.
[38]Price J P & Devlin J T, The Myth of the visual word form area [J]. NeuroImage, 2003(19):473~481.
[39]Rapp A M, Leube D T. Erb M, Grodd W & Kircher T T J. Neural correlates of metaphor processing [J]. Cognitive Brain Research, 2004(20):395~402.
[40]Rapp A M, Leube D T, Erb M, Grodd W & Kircher T T. Laterality in metaphor processing: Lack of evidence from functional magnetic resonance imaging for the right hemisphere theory [J]. Brain and Language, 2007, 100(2):142~149.
[41]Rypma B, Prabhakaran V & Desmond J E. Load-dependent roles of frontal brain regions in the maintenance of working memory [J]. NeuroImage, 1999, 9(2): 216~226.
[42]Schmidt G L & Seger C A. Neural correlates of metaphor processing: The roles of figurativeness, familiarity and difficulty [J]. Brain and Cognition, 2009(71):375~386.
[43]Seger C A, Desmond J E, Glover G H & Gabrieli J D E. Functional magnetic resonance imaging evidence for right-hemisphere involvement in processing unusual semantic relationships [J]. Neuropsychology, 2000(14):361~369.
[44]Simmons W & Barsalou L W. The Similarity-in-Topography Principle: Reconciling Theories of Conceptual Deficits [J]. Cognitive Neuropsychology, 2003, 20(3):451~486.
[45]Wagner A D, Paré-Blagoev E J, Clark J & Poldrack. Recovering meaning: Left prefrontal cortex guides controlled semantic retrieval [J]. Neuron, 2001(31): 329~338.
[46]Zaidel E, Kasher A, Soroker N & Batori G. Effects of right and left hemisphere damage on performance of the ‘‘Right Hemisphere Communication Battery’’ [J]. Brain and Language, 2002, 80(3): 510~535.
[47]Zempleni M Z, Haverkort M, Renken R & Stowe L A. Evidence for bilateral involvement in idiom comprehension: An fMRI study [J]. NeuroImage, 2007, 34(3): 1280~1291.
[48]亢世勇,刘海润. 现代汉语新词语词典 [M].上海:上海辞书出版社,2009.
[49]王小潞. 汉语隐喻认知与ERP神经成像 [M].北京:高等教育出版社,2009:219~229.
[50]中国社会科学院语言研究所词典编辑室. 现代汉语词典 [M].北京:商务印书馆, 2005.
[1] 周领顺. 译者行为研究十周年:回顾与前瞻——兼评“全国首届‘译者行为研究’高层论坛”[J]. 北京第二外国语学院学报, 0, (): 1-15.
[2] 傅敬民. 译者行为的自主性和规范化[J]. 北京第二外国语学院学报, 0, (): 1-9.
[3] 李广荣. 基于翻译实践的科幻小说中的回译研究[J]. 北京第二外国语学院学报, 2019, 41(1): 81-91.
[4] 巩雪先,王晓红,任晓霏. 基于语料库的翻译汉语介词使用特征研究[J]. 北京第二外国语学院学报, 2019, 41(1): 56-66.
[5] 陈成辉. 转换生成理念视角下英汉翻译过程再解析[J]. 北京第二外国语学院学报, 2019, 41(1): 67-80.
[6] 文军, 王庆萍. 杜甫诗歌英译本译序探究[J]. 北京第二外国语学院学报, 2019, 41(1): 20-36.
[7] 刘爱兰. “哥特式”艺术元素的传译——张爱玲《睡谷故事》译本研究[J]. 北京第二外国语学院学报, 2018, 40(6): 53-65.
[8] 于亚晶,周秀梅. Malinowski语境论下的《生死疲劳》误译研究[J]. 北京第二外国语学院学报, 2018, 40(6): 66-76.
[9] 蒋剑峰. 莫言作品在英语国家的翻译和接受[J]. 北京第二外国语学院学报, 2018, 40(5): 70-83.
[10] 马会娟,王越. 国家机构赞助下的艾黎英译李白诗歌研究[J]. 北京第二外国语学院学报, 2018, 40(5): 54-69.
[11] 姜霞,王雪梅. 中国高校商务英语专业教学质量保障体系的建构——基于斯坦福大学案例的分析[J]. 北京第二外国语学院学报, 2018, 40(5): 123-134.
[12] 谢琼,戚一娇. 基于文化维度理论的留学生跨文化适应性研究——以留学德国半年以上的77名中国学生为例[J]. 北京第二外国语学院学报, 2018, 40(5): 111-122.
[13] 王宁. 翻译在中国革命进程中的作用[J]. 北京第二外国语学院学报, 2018, 40(3): 3-13.
[14] 陈智淦. 林语堂汉译活动研究:缺失根源与前景展望[J]. 北京第二外国语学院学报, 2018, 40(1): 46-64.
[15] 姜淑珍,黎昌抱. 汉语基本位移方式动词的显赫性及英译策略分析[J]. 北京第二外国语学院学报, 2018, 40(1): 65-78.