北京第二外国语学院学报 ›› 2017, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (1): 66-76.DOI: 10.12002/j.bisu.077

• 外国文学(文学伦理研究) • 上一篇    下一篇

向善的旅程——《大海啊,大海》的文学伦理学解读

何 宁 段道余   

  1. 何宁,南京大学外国语学院
    段道余,南京大学外国语学院
  • 收稿日期:2016-08-30 出版日期:2017-02-28 发布日期:2018-03-20
  • 作者简介:何宁,南京大学外国语学院,210023,研究方向:英美小说与诗歌。电子邮箱:hening@nju.edu.cn 段道余,南京大学外国语学院,210023,研究方向:英美文学。电子邮箱:duandaoyu1989@163.com

A Journey for Goodness — A Reading of The Sea, The Sea from the Perspective of Ethical Literary Criticism

HE Ning / DUAN Daoyu   

  1. Nanjing University, Nanjing 210023, China
  • Received:2016-08-30 Online:2017-02-28 Published:2018-03-20

摘要: 艾丽丝•默多克的小说《大海啊,大海》一直是研究者关注的焦点。本文借用文学伦理学批评的理论,从小说的故事层面和叙事层面对其进行文学伦理学解读。从小说的故事层面来看,《大海啊,大海》中的查尔斯从伦敦剧院到“夏福海角屋”再回到伦敦的旅程是他从沉沦在世到伦理觉醒,并最终能动地回到日常生活中,完成伦理化的历程;而从小说的叙事层面来看,《大海啊,大海》本身既是查尔斯走向伦理化的产物,也为他提供了道德指引。因此,从文学伦理学批评视角来看,《大海啊,大海》不仅通过小说人物查尔斯离恶向善的历程讲述了一次伦理选择和实现伦理化的过程,而且也借助查尔斯的自我叙事演绎了文学创作作为伦理的产物,具有伦理教诲功能的文学伦理学思想。

关键词: 艾丽丝•默多克, 《大海啊, 大海》, 伦理选择, 伦理教诲, 文学批评

Abstract: Iris Murdoch’s novel The Sea, The Sea has always been a primary concern for Murdochian scholars in Iris Murdoch studies. Focusing on the storyline and the narrative of The Sea, The Sea, this paper attempts to reread The Sea, The Sea by using theories of ethical literary criticism. From the aspect of the storyline of The Sea, The Sea, starting from London, the novel’s protagonist, Charles’s circular journey to the seaside house Shruff End and his later return to London from which he attempts to escape at the outset in fact symbolizes his difficult progression of ethical construction from sinking in the world to make an ethical selection and then to reconstruct his lost ethical order by actively interfering into everyday life and life of others which he used to escape from. Considering the narrative of The Sea, The Sea, as a fiction narrated and “composed” by Charles, The Sea, The Sea itself is both a product of Charles’s ethical construction and a moral guide for him. For the purpose of becoming a good man, Charles starts to compose his memoir, namely the story of The Sea, The Sea. His record of what he experienced in turn helps him have a better understanding of himself and others, and make a better choice. Therefore, from the perspective of ethical literary criticism, The Sea, The Sea not only reveals Charles’s journey from evil to goodness through ethical selection but also echoes the idea of ethical literary criticism that literary creation originates from ethics and helps to ethical enlightenment.

Key words: Iris Murdoch, The Sea, The Sea, ethical selection, ethical enlightenment, literary criticism

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