北京第二外国语学院学报 ›› 2015, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (12): 1-.

• 语言学研究 •    下一篇

域外失语症与语言、语块研究纵览

李美霞 谢 媛   

  1. 北京第二外国语学院 北京 100024
  • 收稿日期:2015-11-16 出版日期:2015-12-30 发布日期:2018-03-20
  • 作者简介:李美霞(1964— ),女,陕西咸阳人,北京第二外国语学院教授,博士,博士后,硕士研究生导师,研究方向:神经语言学与失语症学、语料库语言学、认知语言学、功能语言学、语篇语言学、外语教学等。 谢媛(1990— ),女,湖南郴州人,北京第二外国语学院英语学院在读硕士研究生,研究方向:理论语言学与应用语言学。
  • 基金资助:
    本文为2014国家社科项目《汉语失语症患者语块结构缺损研究》(批准号:14BYY063)部分成果。

A Survey into Western Studies of Aphasia, Language and Formulaic Chunks

Li Meixia / Xie Yuan   

  1. School of English Language, Literature and Culture, Beijing International Studies University, Beijing 100024, China
  • Received:2015-11-16 Online:2015-12-30 Published:2018-03-20

摘要: 失语症传统上隶属临床医学和神经科学范畴,近些年来随着语言学与认知神经科学、临床医学等学科的交叉合作,它也成了语言学研究的重大课题。在欧美国家,失语症与语言及语块相结合的研究已取得令人瞩目的成就。本文将从失语症研究中大脑与语言关系之理论演变,失语症与语言及语块研究历史进程以及失语症与语言及语块研究未来发展趋势3方面对失语症与语言及语块在域外相结合的研究作一综述,以期梳理该领域的研究进程,为国内失语症与语言及语块研究者提供新的研究思路、研究视角和研究方法,从而加速汉语失语症与语言及语块相结合的研究步伐,推动语言学、神经科学等学科的发展。

关键词: 失语症, 语言, 语块, 大脑, 智能, 多学科

Abstract: Traditionally aphasia has been a very important topic in the domains of clinical medicine and neuroscience. In recent decades, with the multidisciplinary cooperation of linguistics and cognitive neuroscience, clinical medicine, etc., aphasia has become a hot topic in the field of linguistics. In western countries, studies on aphasia and language (including formulaic chunks) are numerous and fruitful. In the present article, we are going to summarize and comment on the studies of aphasia and language (including formulaic chunks) abroad from the following three aspects: (1) the changing processes of the theories of aphasia and language (including formulaic chunks); (2) the historical developments of the studies between aphasia and language as well as formulaic chunks; (3) the development trend of aphasia and language, and aphasia and formulaic chunks. Thus, this article aims to marshal the research processes in this area, and to provide new insights and research methods for linguistic aphasia studies at home so as to accelerate the research on aphasia and Chinese language, esp. aphasia and formulaic chunks, and finally to promote the development of linguistics, neuroscience and other disciplines.

Key words: aphasia, language, formulaic chunks, brain, intelligence, interdisciplinary