北京第二外国语学院学报 ›› 2022, Vol. 44 ›› Issue (2): 96-108.DOI: 10.12002/j.bisu.385

• 语言学研究(多模态研究专栏 主持人:冯德正) • 上一篇    下一篇

多模态构式语法研究:理论渊源、研究框架与发展前瞻

吴素伟()   

  1. 中国石油大学外国语学院, 北京 102249
  • 收稿日期:2019-10-22 出版日期:2022-04-30 发布日期:2022-05-23
  • 作者简介:吴素伟,中国石油大学(北京),102249,研究方向:手势、认知语言学。电子邮箱: wusuweiivy@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    2021年教育部人文社会科学规划基金项目“多模态能源舆情话语的认知批评研究”(21YJA740055);2021年北京市社会科学基金规划项目“多模态视域下中西能源话语比较研究”(21YYB006)

Studies on Multimodal Construction Grammar: Theoretical Motivation, Research Framework, and Prospects

Wu Suwei()   

  1. School of Foreign Languages, China University of Petroleum, Beijing 102249, China
  • Received:2019-10-22 Online:2022-04-30 Published:2022-05-23

摘要:

近年来,构式语法研究出现了多模态转向,多模态构式语法研究成为该领域新的研究动向。本文结合构式语法理论的使用观和意义观,概述了多模态构式研究的理论渊源和研究框架,并在评述现有研究的基础上,展望多模态构式语法研究的发展前景。多模态构式研究为考察构式义提供了新的观测窗口,有助于更完整地分析构式义,拓展构式概念的内涵,从而能够丰富和完善构式语法理论。同时,当前的多模态构式研究也存在多模态构式标准模糊、研究方法不够客观等问题。

关键词: 构式语法, 多模态构式, 手势, 言语

Abstract:

In recent years, the study of Multimodal Construction Grammar has received increasing attention. Against this background, this paper first provides an analysis of the rationale behind studies of Multimodal Construction Grammar, including two basic tenets of Construction Grammar: a usage-based approach to constructions and constructional meaning as conceptualization. Second, it summarizes the research framework, which involves the following elements: (1) the form and meaning of verbal constructions, (2) the form and meaning of gestures, (3) the formal relationship between gestures and verbal constructions, (4) the semantic relationship between gestures and verbal constructions, and (5) the conventionality of multimodal form-meaning pairings. Furthermore, a case analysis of a multimodal modal particle construction in German is provided to illustrate how this framework can be applied to examine the multimodality of constructions. After that, the theoretical implications of these studies are discussed. Multimodal constructional studies provide a new and more direct tool for exploring the meaning of constructions and help in reconsidering the nature of linguistic structures and broadening the scope of constructions. Finally, a number of theoretical and empirical challenges are raised; for instance, the criteria for defining multimodal constructions are still somewhat fuzzy, and research methods on multimodal constructions are still not quantitative or diversified enough.

Key words: construction grammar, multimodal construction, gesture, speech

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