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北京第二外国语学院学报  2021, Vol. 43 Issue (2): 87-100    DOI: 10.12002/j.bisu.330
青年学者论坛     
二语动机自我系统对动机调控策略及动机行为的影响研究
李昆()
上海师范大学外国语学院 200234
A Study of the Influence of the L2 Motivational Self System on Motivational Regulation Strategies and Motivated Behavior
Li Kun()
Foreign Languages College, Shanghai Normal University, Shanghai 200234, China
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摘要:

本文通过对302名非英语专业大学生进行问卷调查,探究了二语动机自我系统对动机调控策略使用和对动机行为的影响。对数据的相关分析和多元回归分析结果表明,二语动机自我系统的3个层面均与动机调控策略及动机行为显著正相关,能有效预测各种动机调控策略的使用和动机行为。理想二语自我对8种动机调控策略和动机行为均有显著的预测力;应该二语自我对动机行为以及兴趣提升和意志控制没有显著的预测力;二语学习经历能有力预测各种动机调控策略使用和动机行为,且对动机行为及兴趣提升、掌握目标唤起、自我奖励、意志控制和自我效能提升5种策略都有最强的预测力。二语动机自我系统可以很好地解释学习者动机调控策略的使用和学习者的动机行为,教师应为学生创设良好的课堂环境,帮助学生构建和优化二语自我。

关键词: 二语动机自我系统动机调控策略动机行为二语习得    
Abstract:

The study examines the influence of the second language (L2) motivational self system on the students' use of motivational regulation strategies and motivated behavior by surveying 302 non-English major college students. The results of the correlation and multiple regression analyses of the data indicate that the three aspects of the L2 motivational self system, namely the ideal L2 self, the ought-to L2 self, and the L2 learning experience, were all correlated significantly and positively with the use of motivational regulation strategies and motivated behavior. The L2 motivational self system, as a whole, is a significant predictor of all the eight motivational regulation strategies and of motivated behavior. Individually, the ideal L2 self is a strong predictor of all the eight motivational regulation strategies and motivated behavior, while the ought-to L2 self can not significantly predict the use of interest enhancement and volitional control or motivated behavior. The L2 learning experience is found to be the strongest predictor of motivated behavior and the strongest predictor for the use of five motivational regulation strategies—interest enhancement, mastery self-talk, self-reward, volitional control, and self-efficacy enhancement. The L2 motivational self system can well explain students' use of motivational regulation strategies and their motivated behavior; therefore, teachers should aim to create a motivating classroom environment for students, and assist them to construct and optimize the L2 self.

Key words: L2 motivational self system    motivational regulation strategies    motivated behavior    L2 acquisition
收稿日期: 2019-06-18 出版日期: 2021-04-15
PACS:  H319  
基金资助: 本文系教育部人文社会科学青年基金项目“动态系统理论视角下的二语动机发展研究”的阶段性成果项目编号(17YJC740042)
作者简介: 李昆,上海师范大学外国语学院,200234,研究方向:二语习得、外语教学。电子邮箱: likunlynn@163.com
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引用本文:

李昆. 二语动机自我系统对动机调控策略及动机行为的影响研究[J]. 北京第二外国语学院学报, 2021, 43(2): 87-100.

Li Kun. A Study of the Influence of the L2 Motivational Self System on Motivational Regulation Strategies and Motivated Behavior. Journal of Beijing International Studies University, 2021, 43(2): 87-100.

链接本文:

https://journal.bisu.edu.cn/CN/10.12002/j.bisu.330        https://journal.bisu.edu.cn/CN/Y2021/V43/I2/87

二语动机自我系统 极小值 极大值 均值 标准差
理想二语自我 1.17 6.00 4.6865 1.00981
应该二语自我 1.14 6.00 3.6377 0.82247
二语学习经历 1.00 6.00 3.9939 1.03397
表1  二语动机自我系统描述统计量
二语动机自我系统 兴趣
提升
表现目标唤起 掌握目标唤起 自我
奖励
后果
设想
任务价值提升 意志
控制
自我效能提升 动机
行为
理想二语自我 R 0.491** 0.396** 0.447** 0.313** 0.298** 0.548** 0.311** 0.384** 0.543**
Sig. 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
应该二语自我 R 0.282** 0.475** 0.388** 0.288** 0.447** 0.429** 0.238** 0.296** 0.336**
Sig. 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
二语学习经历 R 0.572** 0.414** 0.576** 0.375** 0.267** 0.482** 0.375** 0.419** 0.801**
Sig. 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
表2  二语动机自我系统与动机调控策略使用及动机行为的相关分析
续表
动机调控策略和动机行为 自变量 R R2 F Sig.
理想二语自我 应该二语自我 二语学习经历
动机调控策略和动机行为 自变量 R R2 F Sig.
理想二语自我 应该二语自我 二语学习经历
因变量 兴趣提升 β 0.280 0.056 0.430 0.632 0.399 65.972 0.000
Sig. 0.000 0.249 0.000
表现目标唤起 β 0.175 0.344 0.232 0.573 0.329 48.638 0.000
Sig. 0.002 0.000 0.000
掌握目标唤起 β 0.188 0.192 0.434 0.639 0.408 68.598 0.000
Sig. 0.000 0.000 0.000
因变量 自我奖励 β 0.142 0.160 0.263 0.435 0.189 23.171 0.000
Sig. 0.019 0.005 0.000
后果设想 β 0.127 0.375 0.097 0.481 0.231 29.918 0.000
Sig. 0.030 0.000 0.094
任务价值提升 β 0.356 0.230 0.254 0.645 0.416 70.852 0.000
Sig. 0.000 0.000 0.000
意志控制 β 0.153 0.102 0.276 0.419 0.175 21.139 0.000
Sig. 0.012 0.075 0.000
自我效能提升 β 0.211 0.138 0.284 0.491 0.241 31.517 0.000
Sig. 0.000 0.012 0.000
动机行为 β 0.219 0.053 0.687 0.829 0.687 217.625 0.000
Sig. 0.000 0.133 0.000
表3  二语动机自我系统对动机调控策略和动机行为的多元回归分析结果
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