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北京第二外国语学院学报  2021, Vol. 43 Issue (2): 76-86    DOI: 10.12002/j.bisu.329
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英语程式语可学性的语言模因论解读
郝霞()
南京信息工程大学新加坡研究中心 210044
Interpretation of the Learnability of English Formulaic Sequences via Linguistic Memetics
Hao Xia()
Center for Singapore Studies, Nanjing University of Information, Science and Technology, Nanjing 210044, China
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摘要:

程式语在语言中大量存在,却是二语习得的难点,学习者很难选择和使用地道的程式语。现有研究从语音学、语用学、心理学等领域出发,涉及程式语习得过程中的语音特征、生成机制、认知方式等,但对于其社会文化属性以及产生与传播方式等问题缺乏探讨。本研究借助认识论中的语言模因论,尝试回答程式语学习过程中的语言传播问题,分析程式语作为语言模因的依据及强弱区别,并探讨程式语的社会语境化特点。研究最终指出,程式语具有可学性,其习得必须遵从语言传播的周期性规律,同时要充分考虑程式语的社会意义在学习过程中的作用。这一结论有助于加深我们对程式语习得方法的理解。

关键词: 程式语可学性语言模因论社会语境化二语习得    
Abstract:

Formulaic sequences (FSs) account for a large amount of language use, yet they are one of the most difficult aspects to master when learning a second language (L2), as it is difficult for learners to select and use FSs in a native-like way. Studies of FSs acquisition have been conducted from different perspectives, and the findings have involved the discussion of a variety of related topics, including the phonetic properties, generative mechanisms, and modes of cognition. However, little attention has been paid to the exploration of the socio-cultural properties of FSs or its modes of emergence and transmission. This study, which adopted a linguistic memetics perspective, analyzed the properties of FSs as linguistic memetics and their different realizations as strong and weak memes. By further exploring the social contextualization of FSs, we found that FSs are learnable and that the learning of FSs has to comply with the periodicity of language communication, while also taking the social meaning of FSs into consideration.

Key words: formulaic sequences    learnability    linguistic memetics    social contextualization    second language acquisition
收稿日期: 2018-07-09 出版日期: 2021-04-15
PACS:  H313  
基金资助: 本文受2019年度江苏高校哲学社会科学研究一般项目“学术英语写作自我效能建构:基于结构方程模型的量表验证”项目编号(2019SJA0172);2020年度江苏省教育科学“十三五”规划专项课题“跨学科背景下合作教学在高校教师职业发展中的应用研究——以学术英语教学为例”资助项目编号(C-c/2020/01/14)
作者简介: 郝霞,南京信息工程大学新加坡研究中心,210044,研究方向:语言教学。电子邮箱: haoxia82@163.com
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引用本文:

郝霞. 英语程式语可学性的语言模因论解读[J]. 北京第二外国语学院学报, 2021, 43(2): 76-86.

Hao Xia. Interpretation of the Learnability of English Formulaic Sequences via Linguistic Memetics. Journal of Beijing International Studies University, 2021, 43(2): 76-86.

链接本文:

https://journal.bisu.edu.cn/CN/10.12002/j.bisu.329        https://journal.bisu.edu.cn/CN/Y2021/V43/I2/76

图1  稳固性—变化性连续体程式语模因强弱等级示例
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