北京第二外国语学院学报 ›› 2020, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (6): 3-23.DOI: 10.12002/j.bisu.306

• 语言学研究(语言类型学专栏 主持人:金立鑫) •    下一篇

施通格论元组配类型的逻辑分析

金立鑫()   

  1. 江苏师范大学,徐州 221009
  • 收稿日期:2019-03-27 出版日期:2020-12-30 发布日期:2020-12-30
  • 作者简介:金立鑫,博士,江苏师范大学特聘教授,博士生导师,221009,研究方向:语言类型学、语法学、语义学及对外汉语教学。电子邮箱: jinlixin@hotmail.com

A Logical Analysis of the Configuration of Ergative-Absolutive Arguments

Jin Lixin()   

  1. Jiangsu Normal University, Xuzhou 221009, China
  • Received:2019-03-27 Online:2020-12-30 Published:2020-12-30

摘要:

除主宾格句法结构外,语言中还存在另一种常见的句法结构:施通格句法结构。本文从理论和逻辑上推导了施通格句法结构的起源,较为系统地梳理了施通格句法结构内部的功能差异。在大量语言样本的基础上,文章提出了施通格语言演化方向的假设,认为语言句法结构模式与人类的生存环境、生产力水平和文明程度密切相关。

关键词: 施通格语言, 施通格结构, 主宾格结构, 语言演化

Abstract:

Besides nominative-accusative structure, there is also ergative-absolutive structure. This paper logically traces the origin of the ergative-absolutive structure and elaborates on functional differences across its variants. Based on data from multiple languages, this paper proposes a hypothesis on the evolutionary direction of ergative-absolutive languages, holding that linguistic structure and form are closely related to nature, as well as to human productivity and civilization.

Key words: ergative-absolutive language, ergative-absolutive structure, nominative-accusative structure, language evolution

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