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北京第二外国语学院学报  2020, Vol. 42 Issue (5): 57-70    DOI: 10.12002/j.bisu.301
外语教学研究(语言能力等级量表研究专栏 主持人:金艳)     
《全球职场英语能力量表》的研制及其启示
孔文1(), 李迪2()
1.常州大学,常州 213100
2.广东外语外贸大学,广州 510006
The Development and Implications of the Global Scale of English for Professional English
Wen Kong1(), Di Li2()
1. Changzhou University, Changzhou 213100, China
2. Guangdong University of Foreign Studies, Guangzhou 510006, China
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摘要:

职场英语指在国际职场环境中讲不同母语的工作人员为满足工作或商务交际需要所使用的英语(①参见Council of Europe,2001。),职场英语能力量表则是对职场英语学习者语言运用能力不同发展阶段典型特征的描述。目前国内外较有影响力的语言能力量表均为通用用途语言能力量表,不能完全适用于特殊用途语言能力的测评。本文以培生教育集团研发的《全球职场英语能力量表》(GSE-PE)为例,介绍了其研发背景和研制原则,重点论述了基于O*NET职场数据库和GSE工作档案库的GSE-PE描述语的研制方法,并阐释了该量表的两大特色,最后分析了GSE-PE量表中存在的问题以及对未来我国职场英语能力量表研制的启示。

关键词: 全球职场英语能力量表O*NET职场数据库GSE工作档案库语言能力量表语言测试职场英语    
Abstract:

Professional English refers to English used in occupational settings by native speakers of different languages as a common communication medium to meet professional or business needs, whereas the professional English scale is the characteristic profiles of learners’ language performance at different stages in the process of learning professional English. Most influential language scales in the world are designed to assess language ability for general purposes, which are not fully suitable for assessing language ability for specific purposes. The paper uses the Global Scale of English for Professional English (GSE-PE) developed by the Pearson Education Group as an example to introduce the background and principles of developing GSE. And then it focuses on the method for constructing GSE-PE descriptors based on GSE job profiles driven by the O*NET database as well as the two unique features of GSE-PE. Finally, the problems of GSE-PE are analyzed, and the implications for developing language scales for professional English are discussed.

Key words: Global Scale of English for Professional English (GSE-PE)    O*NET database    GSE job profiles    language proficiency scales    language testing    professional English
收稿日期: 2019-09-30 出版日期: 2020-10-30
PACS:  H319  
基金资助: 教育部人文社会科学研究项目“国际商务英语口语能力等级量表初始模型构建研究”(18YJA740019);第十批中国外语基金项目“全球职场英语能力量表的研制”阶段性成果(ZGWYJYJJ10B022)
作者简介: 孔文,常州大学外国语学院教授,硕士生导师,213100,研究方向:语言测试。电子邮箱:kongwen1970@sina.com
李迪,广东外语外贸大学,510006,研究方向:语言测试。电子邮箱:2436074562@qq.com
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引用本文:

孔文, 李迪. 《全球职场英语能力量表》的研制及其启示[J]. 北京第二外国语学院学报, 2020, 42(5): 57-70.

Wen Kong, Di Li. The Development and Implications of the Global Scale of English for Professional English. Journal of Beijing International Studies University, 2020, 42(5): 57-70.

链接本文:

https://journal.bisu.edu.cn/CN/10.12002/j.bisu.301        https://journal.bisu.edu.cn/CN/Y2020/V42/I5/57

CEFR Below A1 A1 A2 A2+ B1 B1+ B2 B2+ C1 C2
GSE 10~21 22~29 30~35 36~42 43~50 51~58 59~66 67~75 76~84 85~90
表1  GSE分数段与CEFR分级对接表
Skill CEFR GSE-PE Learning Objectives
Reading B1 44 Can scan short texts to locate specific information.
49 Can understand standard documents related to the daily activities of a company or institution.
B1+ 53 Can understand the main information in technical work-related documents.
56 Can understand the details of a product or service well enough to make a purchasing decision.
B2 59 Can understand instructions for making financial transactions online.
65 Can understand specialized terms used in reports in their field.
B2+ 69 Can extract key details from a complex business report in their field.
74 Can extract key details from quantitative data in complex business documents.
C1 78 Can extract information,ideas and opinions from highly specialized sources within their field.
表2  商务行业中采购商阅读技能量表
Business Skill CEFR GSE-PE Learning Objectives
Negotiating B1 47 Can negotiate a change in price in a simple business transaction using basic language.
B2+ 70 Can compare the advantages and disadvantages of possible approaches and solutions to an issue or problem.
C1 78 Can explain the main points of a negotiating position with precision.
Can carry out complex business transactions with vendors and suppliers.
表3  商务行业中采购商的谈判技能量表
图1  GSE-PE研制过程
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