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北京第二外国语学院学报  2019, Vol. 41 Issue (4): 3-19    DOI: 10.12002/j.bisu.227
中国海洋大学外国语学院, 622100
Conversational Practices as Evidence for Taking Request as a Face Threatening Act
Guodong Yu
Ocean University of China, Qingdao 622100, China
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关键词: 请求消极面子会话常规步骤法会话分析    

Face is a deep-rooted concept for interactants to consider in interactions, and it is even more inportant when interactants are involved in a face-threatening act, such as request. Request could threaten the face of the requester and/or the requestee, considering the fact that a request could infringe or impose on the freedom of action of the requestee and threaten the requestee’s negative face while the requestee’s refusing a request could damage the requester’s positive face. Many pragmatic researches have probed into the strategies that communicators could adopt to do face threatening acts. The present research, taking conversation analysis as the research methodology, investigates the conversational practices that interactants could adopt to make requests. For example, requests could be accounted for by the requester, turns can be designed to discount the cost to the requestee, something could be given in return, and pre-sequences might be used to delay the occurrence of a request or even trigger an offer. The conversational practices that a requester adopts sufficiently explain that requests are endogenously understood by both the requester and requestee as a face-threatening act which is a dispreferred initiative action in nature. The present research is based on the interactional concept of politeness and the procedural approach to face.

Key words: request    negative face    conversational practice    procedural approach    discourse analysis
收稿日期: 2018-04-08 出版日期: 2019-11-27
PACS:  H030  
基金资助: 本文为国家社科基金项目“言语行为的会话分析研究”(项目编号:15BYY84)的阶段性成果
作者简介: 于国栋, 中国海洋大学外国语学院教授,博士生导师,622100,研究方向:会话分析。电子邮箱
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于国栋. 请求作为伤面子行为的会话佐证[J]. 北京第二外国语学院学报, 2019, 41(4): 3-19.

Guodong Yu. Conversational Practices as Evidence for Taking Request as a Face Threatening Act. Journal of Beijing International Studies University, 2019, 41(4): 3-19.


Agent of future action Beneficiary of future action
Proposal Self & Other Self & Other
Offer Self Other
Request Other Self
Suggestion Other Other
表1  给予、请求、建议的区别
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