北京第二外国语学院学报 ›› 2016, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (5): 111-124.DOI: 10.12002/j.bisu.2016.064

• 外国文学研究 • 上一篇    下一篇

内与外:王尔德《莎乐美》的空间解读

姚漪捷 陈 丽   

  1. 姚漪捷,华东理工大学外国语学院 陈丽,华东理工大学外国语学院
  • 收稿日期:2016-06-01 出版日期:2016-10-15 发布日期:2018-03-20
  • 作者简介:姚漪捷,华东理工大学外国语学院,200237,研究方向:英语语言文学。电子邮箱:yaoyijj@qq.com 陈丽,华东理工大学外国语学院,200237,研究方向:英美文学。
  • 基金资助:
    本文是华东理工大学中央高校基本科研业务费专项基金“英美文学与文化研究”项目(项目编号:WS1325003)——“内与外:王尔德《莎乐美》的空间解读”的成果。

Inside and Outside: a Spatial Perspective on Oscar Wilde’s Salomé

YAO Yijie / CHEN Li   

  1. East China University of Science and Technology, Shanghai 200237, China
  • Received:2016-06-01 Online:2016-10-15 Published:2018-03-20

摘要: 奥斯卡?王尔德是唯美主义运动的先驱人物,对他而言,审美的室内空间可以说是秩序与理性的避难所,而室外空间则常与人的主体性丧失和身份缺失联系在一起,正因为如此,王尔德笔下的大部分作品都将场景设置在了室内,在《谎言的衰朽》一文中,他更是借维维安之口明确表示,一踏出房间,“人就变得抽象而非个人化”了。然而,在其独幕悲剧《莎乐美》中,王尔德却刻意颠覆自己的空间偏好,将在文艺传统上通常发生在希律王宫殿内的“莎乐美之舞”搬到了开阔空旷的室外平台。通过室内外空间与剧中角色的相互作用,奥斯卡?王尔德为全剧奠定了疯狂、荒诞和恐怖的基调:在室外空间,莎乐美化身酒神狄俄尼索斯身边的疯女,为全剧染上了疯狂色彩;室内空间助长了男性凝视对莎乐美“自我”与主体意识的剥夺与摧毁,为此,她试图混淆室内外空间,但这一尝试徒劳无益,从中更诞生了对失去家宅的终极恐惧,催促着莎乐美一步步走向最后的悲剧。

关键词: 奥斯卡?王尔德, 《莎乐美》, 空间理论, 唯美主义, 主体性

Abstract: As the exponent of the aesthetic movement, Oscar Wilde has paid almost excessive attention to the aestheticization of indoor spaces. For him, the humanly-decorated house offers a sense of order and reason, which has, to a large extent, assisted the formation of man’s ego and identity, while the outside world, filled with horror, confusion and anxiety, is always associated with the loss of subjectivity and individuality. This topophilia of his is well manifested in some of his more renowned works, while its fullest expression can no doubt be found in The Decay of Lying, where he would complain in Vivian’s voice how “one becomes abstract and impersonal” out of doors. In his one-act tragedy Salomé, however, the event which was traditionally believed to take place within Herod’s palace was deliberately set outside the doors. To a certain degree, this arrangement has set the tone for the whole tragedy. Through the employment of the outdoor spaces and the deliberate confusion of the Inside with the Outside, Oscar Wilde has successfully created an atmosphere of madness, absurdity and horror that has haunted Salomé from the very beginning: the outdoor spaces, in facilitating the identification of Salome with the image of Maenad, give the play a touch of madness; Salome’s deliberate attempts at confusing the Inside with the Outside, principally motivated by the male gaze that permeates the indoor spaces and costs Salome her subjectivity, was plagued with futility and fruitlessness, from whence came the horror of homelessness that has consummated her tragedy.

Key words: Oscar Wilde, Salomé, spatial theory, aestheticism, subjectivity

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