北京第二外国语学院学报 ›› 2018, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (6): 77-88.DOI: 10.12002/j.bisu.183

• 外国文学研究 • 上一篇    下一篇

现代性书写中的“主体之死”

杨新立   

  1. 河南工业大学外语学院,450001
  • 收稿日期:2017-07-14 出版日期:2018-12-15 发布日期:2019-04-02
  • 作者简介:杨新立,河南工业大学外语学院,450001,研究方向:英美文学。电子邮箱:yangxinli1975@126.com
  • 基金资助:
    河南省教育厅人文社科项目“新马克思主义主体文论研究”(2018-ZDJH-069);河南省科技厅软科学项目“基于语料库技术的河南省互联网生态文化创新研究”(172400410157);河南省教育厅人文社科项目“新马克思主义现代文化诗学研究”(2019-ZDJH-468)

The Symbolic Death of Subjestivity in Modern Narratives

Xinli YANG   

  1. School of Foreign Studies, Henan University of Technology, Zhengzhou 450001, China
  • Received:2017-07-14 Online:2018-12-15 Published:2019-04-02

摘要:

现代性书写记述了主体在现代话语场景下寻求自我拯救的欲望之旅。主体带着决裂的原始创伤,寻求语言的慰藉。在现代性文化的盛大艳妆舞会上,主体以现代话语的华丽盛装掩饰起真实的自我,与欲望能指翩翩起舞。主体由此被欲望语言符号化,成为意指网络中不断游移、滑动的空洞能指,而真实的主体却消逝了,主体化的欲望旅程最终证实为与死神的邀约。尽管主体试图以“死亡驱力”的激情,同那“永久失落物”作出最终一搏,却仍然难逃被语言结构的宿命。但现代人在前进中若能不忘初心,对“童年”作乡愁式回顾,或能避免被错误发展理念误导。本文以现代性文学经典为参照背景,利用拉康、齐泽克、福柯等后现代学者主体哲学的相关学说,致力揭示现代性空间中主体的真相,由此重新审视现代性。

关键词: 主体, 欲望能指, 语言, 他者, 现代性, 乡愁

Abstract:

Modern narratives reorchestrate the desire-laden journey in which the subjective makes attempts for self redemption in modern context. Keenly experiencing the original trauma that he undergoes when bidding farewell with “childhood”, the subjective tries to find comfort in the social language. In the grand masquerade that modern culture enacts, the subjective revels in the indulgence of the desire signification and dances with it, disguising himself in the splendid apparels of modernity. The subjective is hereby turned into a disconnected signifier, floating and tripping aimlessly in the linguisitic system. And with it, the true ego vanishes into meaninglessness, his self-redemption journey turning out to be a ticket to death. Try as he might, out of the desperate passion of “death drive”, towards that lost “thing”, the subjective can never escape his destiny imposed by social language. However, if contemporary humanity is well aware of his “original intention”, and therefore take a nostagic look upon the lost childhood, he might circumvent the misleading development conceptions. At close reading of modern English classics, the paper attempts to disclose the true nature of subjective in the modern sphere, and herein makes new assessments of modernity, with relevant philosophical propositions suggested by postmodernist scholars like Lacan, ?i?ek and Foucault.

Key words: subjective, desire signification, language, other, modernity, nostalgia

中图分类号: