北京第二外国语学院学报 ›› 2017, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (3): 96-104.DOI: 10.12002/j.bisu.101

• 外国文学研究 • 上一篇    下一篇

被贬抑的读者——连载《尤利西斯》的《小评论》的接受困境

李巧慧   

  1. 李巧慧,河南大学外语学院
  • 收稿日期:2016-11-09 出版日期:2017-06-15 发布日期:2018-03-19
  • 作者简介:李巧慧,河南大学外语学院,475001,研究方向:英美文学。电子邮箱:hdlqh@aliyun.com

The Discredited Image of Readers:An Analysis of the Reception Dilemma of The Little Review Serializing Ulysses

LI Qiaohui   

  1. Henan University, Kaifeng 475001, China
  • Received:2016-11-09 Online:2017-06-15 Published:2018-03-19

摘要: 1918年至1921年,詹姆士•乔伊斯的代表作《尤利西斯》在美国现代主义文学刊物《小评论》上连载。国内学者对这一文学事件的关注不多。国外学者关注的焦点是《小评论》的文艺观。虽然一些学者简要描述了连载《尤利西斯》的《小评论》中的读者,但却忽视了许多读者被贬抑的事实。这些读者主要包括这本小说的批判者和图书审查人士,可分为显性读者和隐性读者。《小评论》的编辑玛格丽特•安德森和简•西普以及当时的一些文艺界人士从落后的文艺观、道德中心论和低下文艺修养等方面回击了这些读者对《尤利西斯》的批判,并阐释了文艺的升华作用、独立性和原创性。《小评论》与读者之间的冲突揭示了现代主义文学和文学刊物在20世纪初的接受困境。

关键词: 连载, 尤利西斯, 小评论, 贬抑, 读者

Abstract: From 1918 to 1921, James Joyce’s representative work Ulysses was serialized in The Little Review, a modernist magazine in the United States. Up to now, Critics in China have seldom paid attention to this literary event and the focus of critics abroad has been on the avant-garde views of this literary magazine about literature. Although some scholars have given a brief account of the readers of The Little Review in which Ulysses was serialized, the fact that many readers have been discredited by Margaret Anderson and other critics is ignored. Such readers include the harsh critics and the censors of this novel. They can be divided into explicit readers and implicit ones. The editors of The Little Review (Margaret Anderson and Jane Heep) and some artists in favor of Ulysses attacked the obsolete artistic view, the sole emphasis on moral function of literature and the low artistic taste of these readers. They also elaborated on their own views on art, such as the sublimation of sex through literature, the independence and the originality of literature. The conflict between The Little Review in which Ulysses was serialized and the readers illustrates the dilemma of modernist literature and modernist magazines in social reception.

Key words: serialization, Ulysses, The Little Review, discredit, readers

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