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北京第二外国语学院学报  2017, Vol. 39 Issue (3): 84-95    DOI: 10.12002/j.bisu.049
外国文学研究     
托马斯•曼小说《托尼奥•克勒格尔》中的艺术家主题
袁克秀
袁克秀,北京第二外国语学院
Problems of the artist in Thomas Mann’s Tonio Kröger
YUAN Kexiu
Beijing International Studies University, Beijing 100024, China
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摘要: 在《托尼奥•克勒格尔》这部小说中,托马斯•曼主要通过主人公的经历和思考展现了一个艺术家的发展过程。本文用文本细读的方法,以小说中表现的艺术家对于生活的渴望和对自身市民性的反思为讨论对象,结合托马斯•曼的其它作品展开解读。托尼奥•克勒格尔的市民出身使他身上带有市民性的烙印,这种市民性在他成为艺术家之后一直影响着他的创作和生活,并最终使他对艺术至上的创作理念发生质疑。这种质疑促使他重新思考艺术和生活的关系并导致了他对自身市民性的回溯。在重新审视并认同这种市民性的同时,他决心向生活靠拢,并在艺术和生活、艺术性和市民性之间进行沟通。通过探索艺术性与市民性的结合,托马斯•曼展现了推崇“为艺术而艺术”的艺术家以及自身发展的一种可能性。
关键词: 托马斯•曼《托尼奥•克勒格尔》艺术家市民性    
Abstract: In the novel Tonio Kröger, Thomas Mann shows the development of an artist mainly through the experiences of the protagonist and his reflection on the art. For a further understanding of problems concerning the artist in this novel, the artist’s yearning for life and his reflection on bourgeoisie values in the novel are discussed and interpreted in this paper, based on a close reading and with support from other works of Thomas Mann, especially Buddenbrooks and Tristan. Growing up as the son and heir of an old business family, Tonio Kröger has internalized the bourgeois values although he is considered an outsider in the bourgeois world for his artistic orientation. The bourgeois values influence his writing and life even after he has become an artist and eventually it causes his scepticism towards “art for art’s sake”. While Tonio Kröger has been praised and recognized in the art world, he is not content with his art because it affects only a small number of readers and experts. He is also of the opinion that the life of an artist is unnatural if he devotes his whole life to art and thus isolates himself from the real life. As an artist with a bourgeois origin, he instinctively hopes that his art can influence the bourgeois world. All the reflection results in a rethink about the relationship between art and life, which leads him back to his bourgeois origin. In a re-examination and a new identification of the bourgeois values, he is determined to come closer to life and to combine art with life, the bourgeois values with the artistic genius. With the combination of artistic genius and bourgeoisie values, Thomas Mann demonstrates a possibility of further developments for artists in pursuit of “art for art’s sake” and for himself.
Key words: Thomas Mann    Tonio Kröger    artist    bourgeois way of life
收稿日期: 2016-03-04 出版日期: 2018-03-19
PACS:  I106.4  
作者简介: 袁克秀,北京第二外国语学院,100024,研究方向:德语文学。电子邮箱:19990005@bisu.edu.cn
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引用本文:

袁克秀. 托马斯•曼小说《托尼奥•克勒格尔》中的艺术家主题[J]. 北京第二外国语学院学报, 2017, 39(3): 84-95.

YUAN Kexiu. Problems of the artist in Thomas Mann’s Tonio Kröger. Journal of Beijing International Studies University, 2017, 39(3): 84-95.

链接本文:

https://journal.bisu.edu.cn/CN/10.12002/j.bisu.049        https://journal.bisu.edu.cn/CN/Y2017/V39/I3/84

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